2 (56) 2019 - Юридический журнал Правовое государство: теория и практика

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК

 

2 (56) 2019

2 (56) 2019
Inside

  • Mechanism of Contractual Legal Regulation
  • Methodological Foundations of the Philosophy of Law of F. M. Dostoevsky
  • Conceptual Approaches to the Rule-of-Law State
  • Nature of Social Contract

Feature

To the New Frontiers of the Rule-of-Law State

CONTENTS
THEORY AND HISTORY OF LAW AND STATE.
HISTORY OF THE DOCTRINES OF LAW AND STATE
Bakulina L.T.
The mechanism of contractual legal regulation 
Galikeeva I.G.
Nature of social contract and its understanding in national theoretical law science
Zakhartsev S.I.
Maslenikov D.V.
Salnikov V.P.
Theoretical and methodological foundations of the philosophy of law of F.M. Dostoevsky as an ideologue of "Pre-eurasianism"
Kuleshova N.N.
The influence of the Russian state structure on modern concepts of human rights national expression
Mazurin S.F.
Salnikov M.V.
The rule-of-law state in Russia: some conceptual approaches 
Puchkov O.A.
Transformation of contractual law under the conditions of information technologies: new trends 
Sakhautdinov D.F.
Statute in the English system of common law: doctrine and practice
Serdyukov A.A.
Gandhi principles in party movements of independent India 
Slepnyev E.L.
Galeeva G.E.
To the issue of constitutionalization of the legislative system of the republic of Bashkortostan
Chepunov O.I.
Legal aspects of Russia’s economic development: is an expected breakthrough possible?
Shemarov V.A.
Social and legal purpose of legal restrictions 
CONSTITUTIONAL AND MUNICIPAL LAW. 
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIVITIES 
Larin V.Y.
The execution of official duties as a sign of insulting a representative of authorities 
Sokolova E.A.
Hristoforova E.I.
Constitutional law foundations of activities on increasing population’s financial literacy
CIVIL AND FAMILY LAW. 
BUSINESS AND INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW. 
CIVIL AND ARBITRATION PROCEDURE 
Bryleva E.A.
Nikityuk S.M.
Methods to stimulate the development of charity among domestic entrepreneurs: history and modernity 
Dubrovskaya T.V.
To the issue of legal regulation of dissolution of marriage in Russia
Murzabulatov U.M.
Stages of enforcement proceedings as a warrant of timeliness of executing enforcement document requirements
Romanova I.N.
Skylova I.A.
Theoretical and legal characteristics of alimony obligations: foundations and conditions
Skylova I.A.
To the issue of awarding and recovering alimony in modern Russia
Timonina I.V.
Particularities of providing social benefits in transport
Fedotova D.S.
Backbone factors of passenger transport contracts
CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY. 
CRIMINAL EXECUTIVE LAW. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Grishin D.A.
Grishina E.V.
Legal and organizational aspects of implementing administrative and preventive measures by officers of the Federal Penal Service of Russia in special conditions of functioning of institutions and bodies of the penal system
Novikova Y.G.
Civil claim in criminal proceedings as a legal institution having a dual legal nature 
Remizova L.S.
Organizing the activities of correctional institution authorities on forming legitimate behavior of the person sentenced to imprisonment 
Tretyakov I.L.
Zhabin I.Y.
On the issue of the relationship between the concepts “victim” and “object of crime”
FORENSICS.
FORENSIC EXPERT ACTIVITIES 
Galimkhanov A.B.
Tactical features of the interrogation of the accused in the presence of the defender
Zhabin I.Y.
On the significance of the victim’s traits while characterizing the objective side of crime
Soshnikova I.V.
Sherpayev V.I.
Forensic characteristics of criminal activities in the sphere of state procurement
INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN LAW
Nigmatullin R.V.
Illegal migration as a threat to the interests of the peoples of Russia
REVIEW
Rayanov F.M.
Galiev F.Kh.
The fundamental philosophical book on law.
Review of the monograph by S.I. Zakhartsev, D.V. Maslennikov and V.P. Salnikov «Logos of Law: Parmenides - Hegel - Dostoevsky. On the Issue of the Speculative Logical Foundations of Metaphysics of Law. Moscow: Yurlitinform, 2019. 376 p.»
TO THE AUTHORS
 
THE MECHANISM OF CONTRACTUAL LEGAL REGULATION 
BAKULINA Liliya Talgatovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia. 
Contractual legal regulation is carried out by coordinated action of a set of legal phenomena consciously used by the subjects of contractual relationships. The functional interaction of legal means used in contractual and regulatory activities finds its terminological expression in the category “mechanism of contractual legal regulation”. The analysis of existing approaches in legal science to determine the mechanism of legal regulation allows to formulate the definition “mechanism of contractual legal regulation”, identify its structural components and construct models of the studied phenomenon of social and legal reality.
Key words: mechanism, contractual, legal, regulation, structural components, models, contractual regulatory, category, law.
References
1. Alekseyev S.S. Voskhozhdeniye k pravu. Poiski i resheniya (The ascent to law. Searches and solutions). 2-ye izd., pererab. i dop. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Norma, 2002. 
2. Alekseyev S.S. Obshchaya teoriya prava (The general theory of law). V 2 t. T. II. Moscow, Yurid. lit., 1982. 
3. Afanas'yev V.G. Sistemnost' i Obshchestvo (Systemacy and society). Moscow, Politizdat, 1980. 
4. Vasil'yev A.M. Pravovyye kategorii: metodologicheskiye aspekty razrabotki sistemy kategoriy teorii prava (Legal categories: methodological aspects of developing a system of categories of theory of law). Moscow, Yurid. lit., 1976. 
5. Kazantsev M.F. Dogovornoye regulirovaniye: Tsivilisticheskaya kontseptsiya (Contractual regulation: Civil concept). Yekaterinburg, UrO RAN, 2005. 
6. Koretskiy A.D. Teoretiko-pravovyye osnovy ucheniya o dogovore (Theoretical and legal foundations of the theory of contract), otv. red. P.P. Baranov. St. Petersburg, Yurid. tsentr Press, 2001. 
7. Koretskiy A.D. Teoriya dogovornogo regulirovaniya grazhdansko-pravovykh otnosheniy (Theory of contractual regulation of civil law relations), avtoref. dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. Rostov-na-Donu, 2007.
8. Narykova S.P. Sistemnyy podkhod k issledovaniyu mekhanizma pravovogo regulirovaniya (System approach to the study of the mechanism of legal regulation), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, 2006. 
9. Nurtdinova A.F. Kollektivno-dogovornoye regulirovaniye trudovykh otnosheniy: teoreticheskiye problemy (Collective contractual regulation of labor relations: theoretical problems), dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. Moscow, 1998. 
10. Ogorodov D.V., Chelyshev M.Yu. Smeshannyy dogovor i voprosy teorii pravovogo regulirovaniya (Mixed contract and questions of theory of legal regulation). Zakonodatel'stvo i ekonomika, 2007, No. 3, pp. 50-53. 
11. Tikhomirov Yu.A. Pravovoye regulirovaniye: teoriya i praktika (Legal regulation: theory and practice). Moscow, Formula prava, 2008. 
12. Fatkullin F.N. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava : kurs lektsiy (Problems of theory of state and law: course of lectures). Kazan', Izd-vo Kazanskogo un-ta, 1987. 
13. Shagiyeva R.V. Kontseptsiya pravovoy deyatel'nosti v sovremennom obshchestve (The concept of legal activity in modern society). Kazan', Izd-vo Kazan. un-ta, 2005.
Received: 11.02.2019 
NATURE OF SOCIAL CONTRACT AND ITS UNDERSTANDING IN NATIONAL THEORETICAL LAW SCIENCE
GALIKEEVA Irina Gayazovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Institute of Law of the Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
The institute of social contract, widely used in social science of foreign countries, has not yet received either its correct understanding or the practice of wide use in Russian social sciences. At present in our country, one can find item information about this institute only in terms of the science “Theory of State and Law”. Here social contract is mentioned, but only critically, and only in the topic devoted to the origin of the state. This paper aims to find meaning in this current situation and to show the wider possibilities for using the institution of social contract in our country.
Key words: social contract, understanding, na-tional, theoretical, legal, science, correlation, possibilities, expansion, range.
References
1. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law), uchebnik. 2-ye izd., pod red. A.M. Vasil'yeva. Moscow: Yurid. lit., 1983. 
2. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of state and law), uchebnik, pod red. M.N. Marchenko. Mos-cow : Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1987 . 
3. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of state and law), uchebnik dlya vuzov, 2-ye izd. izm. i dop., pod red. V.M. Korel'skogo i V.D. Perevalova. Moscow : Norma, 2001. 
4. Kollizionnoye pravo (Conflict of laws), uchebnik i nauchno-prakticheskoye posobiye, Yu.A. Tikhomirov. Moscow, 2001. 
5. Agrarnoye pravo (Agrarian Law), uchebnik dlya vuzov, S.S. Akmanov i dr., pod red. G.Ye. Bystrova i M.I. Kozyrya. Moscow: Yurist', 2000. 
6. Rayanov F.M. Sistema zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Bashkortostan kak sub"yekta Rossiyskoy Fe-deratsii (The legislation system of the Republic of Bashkortostan as a subject of the Russian Federa-tion). Sistema zakonodatel'stva Respubliki Bashkortostan: stanovleniye i dal'neysheye razvitiya, ma-terialy Respublikanskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (27 fevralya 1996 g., g. Ufa). Akade-miya nauk Respubliki Bashkortostan. Ufa, 1996. 
7. Rayanov F.M. Razvitiye sovremennykh predstavleniy o sushchnosti federativnogo gosudarstva (The development of modern ideas on the essence of a federative state). Rossiyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 1999, No. 1 (21), pp. 110-118. 
8. Galiyev F.KH., Rayanov F.M. Obshchestvovedeniye v XXI veke: teoretiko-pravovoy aspekt (So-cial Science in the 21st Century: Theoretical and Legal Aspect). Ufa, Bashk. entsikl., 2018.
Received: 12.05.2019 
THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW OF F.M. DOSTOEVSKY AS AN IDEOLOGUE OF "PRE- EURASIANISM"
ZAKHARTSEV Sergey Ivanovich
Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of Bar and Organization of Law Enforcement Activities of the Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia.
MASLENIKOV Dmitry Vladimirovich
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Humanitarian Disciplines of the Law Institute (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg, Russia. 
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal “Legal Science: Past and Present”, St. Petersburg, Russia. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.">
Dostoevsky is estimated at the same time as the founder of Russian philosophy of law and as one of the predecessors of the Eurasian ideology. Dostoevsky’s philosophical doctrine on the unity of subjective and objective forms of universal harmony of the world in combination with his doctrine of absolute freedom of man as an excuse for this harmony can be regarded as the theoretical and methodological basis of modern philosophy of law and state that meets the basic principles of Eurasianism.
Key words: law, state, philosophy of law, reflection, Eurasianism, Dostoevsky.
References
1. Bogatyrev D.K. Religiya i ideologiya (Religion and ideology). St. Petersburg, RKHGA, 2019. 
2. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Filosofiya i yuridicheskaya nauka (Philosophy and legal science: monograph), monografiya. Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2019. 
3. Zakhartsev S.I., Maslennikov D.V, Sal'nikov V.P. Logos prava: Parmenid – Gegel' – Dostoyevskiy. K voprosu o spekulyativno-logicheskikh osnovaniyakh metafiziki prava (Logos of law: Parmenides – Hegel – Dostoevsky. to the question of speculative logical foundations of metaphysics of law). Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2019. 
4. Ismagilov R.F., Sal'nikov V.P. Pravo i spravedlivost': istoricheskiye traditsii i sovremennyye modeli (Istoriko-pravovoy analiz teoreticheskikh issledovaniy aktual'nykh voprosov otnosheniya idei prava i idei spravedlivosti v XX-XXI vv.) (Law and justice: historical traditions and modern models (Historical and legal analysis of theoretical studies of topical issues of the relationship between the idea of law and the idea of justice in the XX-XXI centuries), monografiya. St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2017. 
5. Ismagilov R.F. Filosofskoye naslediye F.M. Dostoyevskogo i yego vliyaniye na razvitiye filosofii prava (Philosophical heritage of F. M. Dostoevsky and his influence on the development of philosophy of law), kurs lektsiy, vstup. stat'ya V.P. Sal'nikova i D.V. Maslennikova. St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2017. 
6. Istoriya filosofii prava (History of philosophy of law), monografiya, A.P. Al'bov i dr., otv. red.: A.P. Al'bov, D.V. Maslennikov, V.P. Sal'nikov. St. Petersburg, Yuridicheskiy institut (Sankt-Peterburg), Sankt-Peterburgskiy un-t MVD Rossii, 1998. 
7. Laut R. Filosofiya Dostoyevskogo v sistematicheskom izlozhenii (Philosophy of Dostoevsky in a systematic presentation), pod red. A.V. Gulygi, per. s nem. I.S. Andreyevoy. Moscow, Respublika, 1996. 
8. Lesevitskiy A.V. Yevraziyskiy kontsept F.M. Dostoyevskogo (Eurasian concept of F. M. Dostoevsky). Obshchestvo i etnopolitika, materialy sed'moy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy internet-konferentsii. Rossiyskaya akademiya narodnogo khozyaystva i gosudarstvennoy sluzhby pri Prezidente RF, Sibirskiy institut upravleniya, pod nauch. red. L.V. Savinova. Novosibirsk, Sibirskaya akademiya gosudarstvennoy sluzhby, 2015, pp. 284-291. 
9. Lesevitskiy A.V. F.M. Dostoyevskiy kak predshestvennik yevraziystva (F. M. Dostoevsky as a predecessor of Eurasianism), monografiya. Perm', OT i DO, 2013. 
10. Lin'kov Ye.S. Stanovleniye logicheskoy filosofii (The formation of logical philosophy). Gegel' G.V.F. Nauka logiki. Ch.1. Ob"yektivnaya logika. Ch.2. Sub"yektivnaya logika, podgot. izd.: D.V. Maslennikov, avt. vstup. st. Ye.S. Lin'kov. St. Petersburg, Nauka, 1997, pp. 5-16. 
11. Sal'nikov M.V. Geopoliticheskiye, ekonomicheskiye i sotsio-kul'turnyye faktory v kontekste stanovleniya i dinamiki razvitiya natsional'noy politiko-pravovoy traditsii v Rossii (Geopolitical, economic and socio-cultural factors in the context of the formation and dynamics of the development of the national political and legal tradition in Russia). Pravovoye pole sovremennoy ekonomiki, 2012, No. 11, pp. 47-66. 
12. Sal'nikov V.P., Zhdanov P.S., Sal'nikov M.V., Romanovskaya V.B. Russkaya religioznaya filosofiya prava kak zashchita natsional'nykh tsennostey ot inokul'turnoy ekspansii (Russian religious philosophy of law as the protection of national values from foreign cultural expansion). Mir politiki i sotsiologii, 2015, No. 7, pp. 11-18. 
13. Sal'nikov V.P., Romanovskaya V.B. Sal'nikov M.V., Romanovskaya L.R. Pochemu na Vo-stok: povorot Rossii v sovremennom politiko-pravovom prostranstve (Why to the East: The turn of Russia in the modern political and legal space). Pravovoye pole sovremennoy ekonomiki, 2015, No. 9, pp. 58-68. 
14. Sal'nikov V.P., Romanovskaya V.B., Sal'nikov M.V., Romanovskaya L.R. «Russkiy povo-rot» v politiko-pravovom diskurse (“Russian turn-around” in political and legal discourse). Uchenyye zapiski yuridicheskogo fakul'teta, 2015, No. 38 (48), pp. 192-198. 
15. Sal'nikov V.P., Sal'nikov M.V., Romanovskaya V.B., Romanovskaya L.R. Natsional'naya ideya ili pravovoye gosudarstvo cherez prizmu natsional'nykh interesov (National idea or the rule-of-law state through the prism of national interests). Pravovoye gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2015, No. 3 (41), pp. 16-22. 
16. Sal'nikov V.P., Maslennikov D.V. Filosofiya prava F.M. Dostoyevskogo kak istochnik razvitiya teorii rossiyskogo gosudarstva i prava (Philosophy of law of F.M. Dostoevsky as a source of development of theory of Russian state and law). Problemy statusa sovremennoy Rossii: istoriko-pravovoy aspekt : materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Ufa, 5–6 aprelya 2018 g.), otv. red. F.KH. Galiyev. V 2-kh ch. Ch. 1. Ufa, RITS BashGU, 2018, pp. 72-79. 
17. Sal'nikov V.P., Maslennikov D.V., Zakhartsev S.I. F.M. Dostoyevskiy: ontologicheskiye i eticheskiye osnovaniya filosofii prava (retsenziya na rabotu R.F. Ismagilova «Filosofskoye naslediye F.M. Dostoyevskogo i yego vliyaniye na razvitiye filosofii prava: tsikl lektsiy») (F. M. Dostoevsky: ontological and ethical foundations of philosophy of law (Review of the work by R.F. Ismagilov “The philosophical legacy of F. M. Dostoevsky and his influence on the development of philosophy of law: series of lectures”). Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2017, No. 7, pp. 190-197. 
18. Sal'nikov V.P., Maslennikov D.V. Instituty prava v ideye absolyutnogo Dobra (Law Institutions in the Idea of Absolute Good). Gosudarstvenno-pravovyye instituty sovremennogo obshchestva, sbornik statey k Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu Respubliki Bashkortostan (g. Ufa, 14 dekabrya 2018 g.), otv. red. F.M. Rayanov. Ufa, BashGU, 2018, pp. 32-40. 
19. Seitov M.M. «Pred"yevraziystvo» F.M. Dostoyevskogo: istoki i khudozhestvennoye vo-ploshcheniye (“Pre-Eurasianism” by F.M. Dostoevsky: origins and artistic embodiment), dis. … kand. filol. nauk. Magnitogorsk, 2010. 
20. Zakhartsev S.I., Salnikov V.P. The Philosophy of Law and Legal Science. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018.
Received: 02.02.2019
THE INFLUENCE OF THE RUSSIAN STATE STRUCTURE ON MODERN CONCEPTS OF HUMAN RIGHTS NATIONAL EXPRESSION
KULESHOVA Natalya Nikolaevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of  Theory of Law, History of Law and International Law of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow, Russia.
The creation of prospects for developing the form of the state structure of Russia requires the improvement of the mechanism for securing national-cultural interests in the political sphere as a way of organizing state administration. The main directions of state transformation should be formed in view of the traditional concepts of preserving federalism principles in a multinational state insuring against ethnocratic consequences and risks. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the problems hindering the effective expression of citizens’ rights in the state political system. It is also necessary to take into account the experience of foreign countries’ legislation, which are also in search of optimal mechanisms for resolving national-cultural processes affecting the political sphere of human rights. A special condition for the development of modern Russia is the search for models for preserving the full range of national values, including the native language, as a constitutional guarantee ensuring national harmony and civil peace.
Key words: constitution, federative state, state power, nationality, human rights, indigenous peoples, native language, autonomy, public association.
References
1. Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The Constitution of the Russian Federation) (prinyata vsenarodnym golosovaniyem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennykh Zakonami RF o popravkakh k Konstitutsii RF ot 30.12.2008 N 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 N 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 N 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 N 11-FKZ). SPS «Garant». URL: https://base.garant.ru/70291362/888134b28b1397 ffae87a0ab1e117954/ (accessed date: 25.02.2019).
2. Federal'nyy zakon ot 03.08.2018 N 317-FZ "O vnesenii izmeneniy v stat'i 11 i 14 Federal'nogo zakona "Ob obrazovanii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii" (Federal Law of 03.08.2018 No. 317-FZ "On Amendments to Articles 11 and 14 of the Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation”). SPS «Garant». URL: https://base.garant.ru/70291362/888134b28b1397ffae87a0ab1e117954 // (accessed date: 25.02.2019). 
3. Postanovleniye Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 16.11.2004 N 16-P (Resolution of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation dated November 16, 2004 No. 16-P). SPS «Garant». (accessed date: 25.02.2019). 
4. Azarov S.O. Yuridicheskaya sushchnost' konfederatsii i Federatsii (The legal essence of the confederation and federation). Obshchestvo i pravo, 2011, No. 3, pp. 63-66. 
5. Aligadzhiyeva M.A. Natsional'no-politicheskiye elity Dagestana: spetsifika ikh formi-rovaniya i funktsionirovaniya (National-political elites of Dagestan: the specifics of their formation and functioning). Vlast', 2014, No. 9, pp. 198-202. 
6. Antonenko N.V. Natsional'nyy vopros v programmakh russkoy monarkhicheskoy emigratsii (The national question in the programs of Russian monarchical emigration). Novyy istoricheskiy Vestnik, 2008, No. 17, pp. 208-213. 
7. Geyn Ye.A. Pravovoye regulirovaniye politiko-territorial'noy organizatsii gosudarstvennoy vlasti: opyt Rossii i zarubezhnykh gosudarstv (Legal regulation of the political-territorial organization of state power: the experience of Russia and foreign countries). Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskiye i pravovyye issledovaniya, 2010, No. 2, pp. 206-213. 
8. Zamyshlyayev D.V. Natsional'nyy faktor v natsional'nom ustroystve RF (The national factor in the national structure of the Russian Federation), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Nizhniy Novgorod, 2004. 
9. Kokotov A.N. Ob ideal'noy i real'noy formakh gosudarstvennogo ustroystva Rossii (On the ideal and real forms of the state structure of Russia). Rossiyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 1995, No. 3, pp. 52-58. 
10. Loparev A.V., Yatsenko I.A. Etnopoliticheskiye protsessy v Rossii i problema global'noy diasporizatsii mira. (Ethnopolitical processes in Russia and the problem of the global diaspora of the world). Vlast', 2011, No. 3, pp. 118-124. 
11. Medoyev Ye.O. Formy sovremennogo rossiyskogo gosudarstva (Forms of the modern Russian state). Biznes v zakone. Ekonomiko-yuridicheskiy zhurnal, 2011, No. 4, pp. 17-22. 
12. Solonevich I.L. Narodnaya monarkhiya (People's monarchy). Moscow, Algoritm, 2011. 
13. Khafizov A.A. Struktura i organizatsiya vlasti v unitarnom gosudarstve (The structure and organization of power in a unitary state). Vestnik Bryanskogo gosudarstvennogo un-ta, 2011, No. 2, pp. 263-270. 
14. Khalamkhanov K.Kh. Vektory i perspektivy razvitiya natsional'nogo samoopredeleniya narodov Rossii (Vectors and prospects for the development of national self-determination of the peoples of Russia). Istoricheskaya i sotsial'no-obrazovatel'naya mysl', 2011, No. 5, pp. 140-146. 
15. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki RF (Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation). URL: http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/ perepis2010/perepis_itogi1612.htm (accessed date: 25.02.2019).
Received: 10.03.2019
THE RULE-OF-LAW STATE IN RUSSIA: SOME CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES
MAZURIN Stanislav Fedorovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Legal Regulation of Town-Planning Activities of the Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
SALNIKOV Mikhail Viktorovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, President of the Foundation for Supporting Science and Education in the Field of Law Enforcement Activities “University”, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
The basic idea, which is characteristic of almost all modern conceptual approaches to the understanding of the rule-of-law state, is that it cannot be built on orders from above, without forming a spiritual and moral mentality in wide sections of society. In the rule-of-law state, laws and public authority must have a special spiritual and moral mentality and enjoy the full confidence of the absolute majority of the population. Therefore, the rule-of-law state of law is such a state where its laws and public authority, with its inherent spiritual and moral mentality, enjoy the full confidence of citizens, using their official powers exclusively for the benefit of their people and the national security of the state, where there is no place for corrupt practices, and national incomes are fairly distributed among all segments of society, really providing them with a decent standard of living and harmonious relations between people.
Key words: rule-of-law state, Orthodox mentality, social justice, state power, political elite.
References
1. Abdrakhmanov A.I., Khabibulin A.G. Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del na rubezhe epokh: traditsii i perspektivy (Ministry of the Interior at the turn of the epoch: traditions and perspectives). Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2012, No. 10, pp. 22-30. 
2. Analiz protsessov privatizatsii gosudarstvennoy sobstvennosti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii za period 1993-2003 gg. (Analysis of the processes of privatization of state property in the Russian Federation for the period 1993-2003). 2-ye izd., dop., otv. red. S.V. Stepashin. Moscow, Olita, 2005. 
3. Aristotel'. Sochineniya (Writings). T. 4. Moscow, Mysl', 1983. 
4. Pravovoye gosudarstvo: real'nost', mechty, budushcheye (The rule-of-law state: reality, dreams, future). V.M. Boyer i dr., pod red. V.P. Sal'nikova. St. Petersburg, Aleteyya, 1999. 
5. Verkhovodov Ye.V., Sal'nikov V.P., Romanovskaya V.B. «Yestestvennoye pravo» i «dobrodetel'» v trudakh Aristotelya (“Natural law” and “good-natured” in the works of Aristotle). Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2015, No. 8, pp. 201-208. 
6. Vtoroye sobornoye poslaniye svyatogo apostola Petra (The Second Conciliar Epistle of the Holy Apostle Peter). Novyy Zavet Gospoda nashego Iisusa Khrista. T.2. Moscow, Moskovskiy Sretenskiy monastyr'; Novaya kniga, 1996. 
7. Galiyev F.Kh. V.M. Gessen ob institutakh pravovogo gosudarstva (Hessen on the institutions of the rule-of-law state). Gosudarstvenno-pravovyye instituty sovremennogo obshchestva, sb. st. k Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu Respubliki Bashkortostan (g. Ufa, 14 dekabrya 2018 g.), otv. red. F.M. Rayanov. Ufa, RITS BashGU, 2018, pp. 55-61. 
8. Galiyev F.Kh. Problema tolerantnosti v usloviyakh grazhdanskogo obshchestva i pravovogo gosudarstva (The Problem of Tolerance in the Conditions of Civil Society and the Rule-of-Law state). Problemy formirovaniya pravovogo gosudarstva v Rossii, materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (20-21 marta 2013 g.). Ufa, RITS BashGU, 2013, pp. 119-128. 
9. Galiyev F.Kh. Pravovaya kul'tura v informatsionnom prostranstve grazhdanskogo obshchestva i pravovogo gosudarstva (Legal culture in the information space of civil society and the rule-of-law state). Yuridicheskaya mysl', 2011, No. 3 (65), pp. 23-31. 
10. Galiyev F.Kh., Komarov S.A. Pravovoye gosudarstvo i pravovaya kul'tura: vzaimosvyaz' i vzaimoobuslovlennost' (The rule-of-law state and legal culture: the relationship and interdependence). Yuridicheskaya nauka, 2016, No. 6, pp. 10-14. 
11. Galiyev F.Kh., Rayanov F.M. Obshchestvovedeniye v XXI veke: teoretiko-pravovoy aspekt (Social Science in the 21st Century: Theoretical and Legal Aspect). Ufa, Bashk. entsik., 2018. 
12. Galeotti Mark. Vory. Istoriya organizovannoy prestupnosti v Rossii (Thieves. The history of organized crime in Russia), per. s angl. A. Finogenova i P. Mironov ; red. A. Smyatkovskiy. Moscow, Individuum pablishing, 2019. 
13. Yegorshin V.M. Politsiya – Militsiya – Politsiya (obshcheye sostoyaniye i operativno-rozysknoy aspekt) (Police - Militia - Police (general status and operational-search aspect). Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2012, No. 11, pp. 167-187. 
14. Zakhartsev S.I., Maslennikov D.V., Sal'nikov V.P. Logos prava: Parmenid – Gegel' – Dostoyevskiy. K voprosu o spekulyativno-logicheskikh osnovaniyakh metafiziki prava (Logos of law: Parmenides - Hegel - Dostoevsky. To the issue of the speculative logical foundations of the metaphysics of law: monograph), monografiya. Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2019. 
15. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Filosofiya i yuridicheskaya nauka : monografiya (Philosophy and legal science: monograph). Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2019. 
16. Ideya spravedlivosti v traditsiyakh postklassicheskoy filosofii prava (The idea of justice in the traditions of postclassical philosophy of law). R.F. Ismagilov i dr.; pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova. St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2012. 
17. Ismagilov R.F., Sal'nikov V.P. Platon, Aristotel', Foma Akvinskiy i ideya spravedlivosti v yestestvenno-pravovoy traditsii (Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas and the idea of justice in the natural-legal tradition). Mir politiki i sotsiologii, 2016, No. 9, pp. 19-26. 
18. Ismagilov R.F., Sal'nikov V.P. Pravo i spravedlivost': istoricheskiye traditsii i sovremennyye modeli (Istoriko-pravovoy analiz teoreticheskikh issledovaniy aktual'nykh voprosov otnosheniya idei prava i idei spravedlivosti v XX – XXI vv.) (Law and Justice: Historical Traditions and Modern Models (Historical and legal analysis of the theoretical studies of topical issues of the relationship between the idea of law and the idea of justice in the XX – XXI centuries), monografiya. St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2017. 
19. Istoriya filosofii prava (History of philosophy of law), monografiya, A.P. Al'bov i dr., otv. red.: A.P. Al'bov, D.V. Maslennikov, V.P. Sal'nikov. St. Petersburg, Yuridicheskiy institut (Sankt-Peterburg), Sankt-Peterburgskiy un-t MVD Rossii, 1998. 
20. Kolyadin A.M. Politicheskaya elita: ponyatiye i sushchnost' (Political elite: the concept and essence). Pravovoye pole sovremennoy ekonomiki, 2016, No. 7, pp. 45-53. 
21. Lazarev V.V., Lipen' S.V. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law). 4-ye izd. Moscow, 2010. 
22. Matuzov N.I., Mal'ko A.V. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law), uchebnik. Moscow, Yurist", 2004. 
23. Mitropolit Sankt-Peterburgskiy i Ladozhskiy Ioann (Snychev). Russkaya Simfoniya (Russian Symphony). St. Petersburg, Tsarskoye Delo, 2007. 
24. Musayev M.A. Epokha antichnosti i nachalo stanovleniya idei o pravakh cheloveka: rol' pravovogo gumanizma (The era of antiquity and the beginning of the formation of the idea of human rights: the role of legal humanism). Pravovoye pole sovremennoy ekonomiki, 2015, No. 10, pp. 97-108. 
25. Ot Matfeya Svyatoye Blagovestvovaniye (Matthew's Holy Gospel). Novyy Zavet Gospoda nashego Iisusa Khrista. T.1. Moscow, Moskovskiy Sretenskiy monastyr'; «Novaya kniga», 1997. 
26. Poslaniye k Rimlyanam svyatogo apostola Pavla (Epistle to the Romans of the holy Apostle Paul). Novyy Zavet Gospoda nashego Iisusa Khrista. T.2. Moscow, Moskovskiy Sretenskiy monastyr'; Novaya kniga, 1996. 
27. Privatizatsiya: global'nyye tendentsii i natsional'nyye osobennosti (Privatization: global trends and national characteristics), otv. red. V.A. Vinogradov; In-t nauch. inform. po obshchestv. naukam RAN. Moscow,  Nauka, 2006. 
28. Rayanov F.M., Minniakhmetov R.G., Ponomarev D.A. Pravo i zakonnost' v demokratiche-skom obshchestve (Law and legality in a democratic society). Moscow, 2004. S. 18-41. 
29. Rayanov F.M. Sushchnost' pravovogo gosudarstva: istoriko-tsivilizatsionnyy podkhod (The essence of the rule-of-law state: the historical-civilizational approach). Pravovoye gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2912, No. 4 (30), pp. 8-16. 
30. Romanovskaya L.R., Verkhovodov Ye.V. Antichnyye korni yestestvenno-pravovoy teorii (Antique roots of the natural-legal theory). Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, Seriya: Pravo, 2002, No. 1, pp. 84-88. 
31. Sal'nikov V.P. Institualizatsiya korruptsionnykh otnosheniy (Institutionalization of corruption relations). Zashchita i bezopasnost', 2013, No. 1 (64), pp. 13-15.
32. Sal'nikov V.P., Romashov R.A., Sal'nikov M.V. Teoriya pravovogo gosudarstva (popytka sovremennoy interpretatsii) (Theory of the rule-of-law state (attempts of modern interpretation). Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, 2002, No. 3 (15), pp. 3-14. 
33. Khabibulin A.G. Kontseptualizm i sistemnost' v reformirovanii politsii: opyt pervykh desyatiletiy XX i XXI vv. (Conceptualism and systemacy in police reform: the experience of the first decades of the 20th and 21st centuries). Zakonodatel'stvo, 2013, No. 5, pp. 56-61.
Received: 01.02.2019
TRANSFORMATION OF CONTRACTUAL LAW UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES: NEW TRENDS 
PUCHKOV Oleg Aleksandrovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law, Director of the Institute of  Prosecution Service of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
The last decade, civilization has to deal with a fundamentally new way of human existence, the existence acquiring a new essence - space-time digital transcendence. This new feature is implicitly significant for the sphere of law. By virtue of its conservative nature, the law is late for new technological trends of the 21st century, but it is also trying to restructure itself, acquiring new forms and updated content. One of the examples of such changes is contract (contractual) law, which is a legal expression of the economy actors’ freedom (including agriculture, industrial production). The time of traditional mail messages is a thing of the past, and now we are witnessing how contracting parties use all the technological power to gain competitive advantages at the expense of digital technologies. As a result, the parties in contractual relations seek to execute trade transactions, enter into supply agreements, etc., faster, better and more qualitatively.
Key words: digital technologies, economy, transaction, contract, rights, blockchain, decentralized digital platform.
References
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3. Braginskiy M.I., Vitryanskiy V.V. Dogovornoye pravo (Contract law). Kniga 5 (komplekt iz 2 knig). Moscow, Statut, 2016. 
4. Luk'yanenko V.Ye. Dogovory v sfere predprinimatel'skoy deyatel'nosti. Teoriya i praktika (na primere sel'skogo khozyaystva) (Contracts in the field of business. Theory and practice (on the example of agriculture). Ul'yanovsk, Izd-vo Ul. GPU im. I.N. Ul'yanova, 2003. 
5. Nosova Z.I. Dogovory o zakupkakh sel'skokhozyaystvennoy produktsii (Contracts for the purchase of agricultural products). Moscow, Statut, 2004. 
6. Nicholas Kolokotronis, Konstantinos Limniotis, Stavros Shiaeles, Romain Griffiths. Secured by Blockchain: Safeguarding Internet of Things Devices. IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine (Volume: 8 , Issue: 3 , May 2019). URL: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8685031 (accessed date: 22.04.2019). 
7. Bordel Borja; Martin, Diego; Alcarria, Ramon. A Blockchain-based Water Control System for the Automatic Management of Irrigation Communities. 2019 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONSUMER ELECTRONICS (ICCE). URL: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/Search.do? product=WOS&SID=C64zifS7xCwpHSaR33k&search_mode=GeneralSearch&prID=78970bd9-bf81-48ef-9e3a-b86763998782 (accessed date: 22.04.2019). 
8. Lin, Jun; Shen, Zhiqi; Zhang, Anting. Blockchain and IoT based Food Traceability for Smart Agriculture / 3rd International Conference on Crowd Science and Engineering (ICCSE). Nan-yang Technol Univ, Singapore, SINGAPORE publ.: JUL 28-31. 2018. URL: http://apps. webofknowledge.com/Search.do?product=WOS&SID=C64zifS7xCwpHSaR33k&search_mode=GeneralSearch&prID=78970bd9-bf81-48ef-9e3a-b86763998782 accessed date: 22.04.2019). 
9. Faye, PS. Use of Blockchain Technology in Agribusiness: Transparency and Monitoring in Agricultural Trade. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2017 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MANAGEMENT SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT INNOVATION (MSMI 2017). AEBMR-Advances in Economics Business and Management Research. 2017. Volume: 31. Pages: 38-40. URL: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=General Search&qid=2&SID=C64zifS7xCwpHSaR33k&page= &doc=8 (accessed date: 19.04.2019). 
10. Wu, Shuangke; Chen, Yanjiao; Wang, Qian. CReam: A Smart Contract Enabled Collusion-Resistant e-Auction. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION FORENSICS AND SECU-RITY. 2019. Volume: 14-7. Pages: 1687-1701. URL: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/ DaisyOneClickSearch.do?product=WOS&search_mode=DaisyOneClickSearch&colName=WOS&SID=C64zifS7xCwpHSaR33k&author_name=Chen,%20Yanjiao&dais_id=1191548&excludeEventConfig=ExcludeIfFromFullRecPage (accessed date: 17.04.2019). 
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Received: 10.04.2019
STATUTE IN THE ENGLISH SYSTEM OF COMMON LAW: DOCTRINE AND PRACTICE
SAKHAUTDINOV Dinar Fanilevich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia.
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the essence of the statute in the English legal doctrine and legal practice. The author uses a method of researching scientific concepts that explain the statute as a special legal phenomenon. On the basis of a historical and legal comparison of acts of English case law, the idea is expressed that the statute, being a phenomenon of Anglo-Saxon law, historically arose in response to objective shortcomings of judicial precedent. The first British statutes performed two functions: legal implementation of the will of the monarch, which extended to the whole territory of the kingdom, and the compilation of judicial-precedent practice. The hypothesis is expressed, according to which three concepts of understanding the statute have been formed historically: as a royal decree, as a parliamentary act, and as a local law issued by a feudal lord. The modern interpretation of precedent of the Anglo-Saxon legal tradition is expressed in the fact that the statute is no longer the result of legal scholars, but it is an objective result of judges’ activities. Therefore, the essence of the modern statute is to summarize the legal positions expressed in judicial precedents.
Key words: statute, doctrine, judicial precedent, English law, legal science, legal tradition, history.
References
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2. Belykh V.S. Dogovornoye pravo Anglii: sravnitel'no-pravovoye issledovaniye (Contract Law of England: a comparative legal study), monografiya. Moscow, Prospekt, 2017. 
3. Bogdanovskaya I.YU. Statut v angliyskom prave (Statute in English law), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, IGP AN SSSR, 1983. 
4. Lipshits Ye.E. Pravo i sud v Vizantii v IV–VIII vv. (Law and tcourt in Byzantium in the IV–VIII centuries). Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo «Nauka». Leningradskoye otdeleniye, 1976. 
5. Krasheninnikova N.A. Velikaya khartiya vol'nostey 1215 g. (sovremennaya interpretatsiya) (Magna Carta of 1215 (modern interpretation). Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 11 «Pravo», 2002, No. 3. 
6. Maklakov V.A. Zavoyevaniye Anglii normannami (Norman Conquest). Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1898. 
7. Matinyan M.A. Mesto i rol' zakona v sisteme istochnikov prava Anglii (The place and role of law in the system of sources of the law of England). Obshchestvo: politika, ekonomika, pravo, 2008, No. 2. 
8. Mikhaylov A.M. Formirovaniye i evolyutsiya idey yuridicheskoy dogmatiki v romano-germanskoy traditsii, XII–XIX vv. (Formation and evolution of the ideas of legal dogma in the Roman-Germanic tradition, XII – XIX centuries), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, IGP RAN, 2012. 
9. Starchenko A.A. Filosofiya prava i printsipy pravosudiya v SSHA (Philosophy of law and principles of justice in the United States). Moscow, Vysshaya shkola, 1969. 
10. Tonkov Ye.N. Tolkovaniye zakona v Anglii (The interpretation of the law in England), monografiya. St. Petersburg, Aleteyya, 2013. 
11. Chestnov I.L. Aktual'nyye problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava. Epistemologiya gosudarstva i prava (Actual problems of theory of state and law. Epistemology of state and law), Uchebnoye posobiye. St. Petersburg, IVESEP, 2004.
12. Atiyah P.S. Common Law and Statute Law. The Modern Law Review. 1985, Vol. 48, No. 1. 
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23. Leeming M. Theories and Principles Underlying the Development of The Common Law – The Statutory Elephant in the Room. University of New South Wales Law Journal. 2013, Vol. 36, No.3. 
24. Lange v. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (1997) 189 CLR 520.
25. Ilbert C. Legislative Methods and Forms. London, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1901. 
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29. O’Sullivan R. The Inheritance of the Common Law. London, Stevens & Sons Ltd., 1950. 30. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. 
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36. Stacey R.C. The English Jews Under Henry III: Historical, Literary and Archaeological Perspectives. Skinner P. Jews in Medieval Britain. Woodbridge, The Boydell Press, 2003. 
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41. Huscroft R. The Norman Conquest: A New Introduction. New York, Longman, 2009. 
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Received: 15.05.2019
GANDHI PRINCIPLES IN PARTY MOVEMENTS OF INDEPENDENT INDIA 
SERDYUKOV Artem Arturovich 
Postgraduate Student of the Institute of Law of the FSAEI HE “North-Caucasus Federal University”, Stavropol, Russia. 
The basic principles of the formation of an ideal society and state, formulated in the works of M. K. Gandhi and implemented by him in the process of his socio-political and state activity do not lose their relevance in modern conditions. We consider that a very important conclusion in the concept of the author is the provision on the need to provide equal access to resources required to meet the most necessary needs of individuals in society. The declaration of freedom of religion, speech, media, comprehensive full physical and spiritual development of the individual as a member of society indicates the relevance of the study of the experience of the liberation of India at the present stage. While forming the national statehood, the Gandhi principles are rather insignificantly reflected in the ideology and activities of the state party of India, as well as in the policies of the state as a whole. At the same time, without complete implementation in politics, the Gandhi principles have not lost their meaning and are directly reflected in the activities of public organizations. 
Key words: person, state, society, principle, political party, social movement, independence, ideology, non-violence, religion.
References
1. Martyshin O.V. Politicheskiye vzglyady M.K. Gandi (Political views of M. K. Gandhi). Moscow, 1970. 
2. Volodin A.G. Indiya: stanovleniye institutov burzhuaznoy demokratii (India: the formation of in-stitutions of bourgeois democracy). Moscow, 1989. 
3. Gorev A.V. Naslediye Makhatmy: ocherki (The Legacy of Mahatma: Essays). Moscow, 2005. 
4. Hardiman D. The Moral Activists Lonely Path to Martyrdom. Gandhi in His Time and Ours. New Delhi, 2005. 
5. Komarov E.N., Litman A. D. Mirovozzreniye Mokhandasa Karamchanda Gandi (The World View of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi). Moscow, 1969. 
6. Devyatkina T.F. Indiyskiy natsional'nyy congress (Indian National Congress). Moscow, 1970. 
7. Kutsenkov A.A. Indiya: traditsionnyy sotsial'no-kul'turnyy kompleks i politika (India: a tradition-al socio-cultural complex and politics). Moscow, 2015. 
8. Alayev L.B. Indiyskiye identichnosti v usloviyakh modernizatsii. Globalizatsiya i poiski natsion-al'noy identichnosti v stranakh Vostoka (Indian identities in the context of modernization. Globalization and the search for national identity in the countries of the East). Moscow, 2017.
Received: 11.05.2019
TO THE ISSUE OF CONSTITUTIONALIZATION OF THE LEGISLATIVE SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN
SLEPNYEV Evgeny Leonidovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Professor of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia. 
GALEEVA Galina Evgenievna
Senior Instructor of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir 
State University, Ufa, Russia. 
Constitutionalism, as a complex sociopolitical and state law phenomenon, has recently begun to attract the attention of modern researchers. This is due to the need for a deeper understanding of its essence and content. At the same time, constitutionalism is viewed in a broad and narrow sense. Constitutionalism as a scientific theory covers a wide range of problems, particular theories, ideas, and principles. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and the Constitutional (Statutory) Courts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation make a worthy contribution to the development of constitutionalism. The semantic interpretation of the texts of the constitutions (charters) of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation with their constitutional (statutory) courts enriches and supplements the scientific understanding of the constitutionalization of both the legal system and the legislative system.
Key words: constitution, constitutionalization, constitutionalism, Constitutional Court, legislative system, civil society, rule-of-law state.
References
1. Stepanov I.M. Sotsialisticheskiy konstitutsionalizm: sushchnost', opyt, problemy (Socialist constitutionalism: essence, experience, problems). Sovetskoye gosudarstvo i pravo, 1987, No. 10, pp. 3-12. 
2. Avak'yan S.A. Konstitutsiya Rossii: priroda, evolyutsiya, sovremennost' (The Constitution of Russia: nature, evolution, modernity). Moscow, RYUID, «Sashko», 2000. 
3. Rayanov F.M. Sushchnost' pravovogo gosudarstva: istoriko-tsivilizatsionnyy podkhod (The essence of the rule-of-law state: historical-civilizational approach). Pravovoye gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2012, No. 4 (30), pp. 8-16. 
4. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava: kurs lektsiy (Theory of state and law: a course of lectures), pod red. N.I. Matuzova. Saratov, 1995. 
5. Chirkin V.Ye. Rossiya, konstitutsiya, dostoynaya zhizn': analiz vzaimosvyazey (Russia, constitution, decent life: analysis of interconnections). Gosudarstvo i pravo, 2006, No. 5, pp. 5-13. 
6. Kruss V.I. Ponyatiye, aktual'nost' i formy konstitutsionalizatsii prava (The concept, relevance and forms of constitutionalization of law). Vestnik TvGU. Seriya «Pravo», 2012, No. 19, pp. 104-119. 
7. Informatsiya o rabote Konstitutsionnogo Suda Respubliki Bashkortostan (Information on the work of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan). Ufa, Konstitutsionnyy Sud Respubliki Bashkortostan, 2017. 
8. Informatsiya o rabote Konstitutsionnogo Suda Respubliki Bashkortostan (Information on the work of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Bashkortostan). Ufa, Konstitutsionnyy Sud Respubliki Bashkortostan, 2018. 
9. Bondar' N.S. Sudebnyy konstitutsionalizm v Rossii v svete konstitutsionnogo pravosudiya (Judicial constitutionalism in Russia in the light of constitutional justice). Moscow, Norma, 2013. 
10. Vitruk N.V. Konstitutsionnoye pravosudiye v Rossii (1991-2001 gg.): ocherki teorii i praktika (Constitutional justice in Russia (1991-2001): essays of theory and practice). Moscow, Gorodets–izdat, 2001. 
11. Nesmeyanova S.E. Konstitutsionnyy sudebnyy kontrol' v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: problemy teorii i praktika (Constitutional judicial control in the Russian Federation: problems of theory and practice). Yekaterinburg, Izd-vo UrGYUA, 2004. 
12. Kryazhkov V.A. Konstitutsionnyy sudebnyy kontrol' v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: problemy teorii i praktika (Constitutional judicial control in the Russian Federation: problems of theory and practice). Yekaterinburg, Izd-vo UrGYUA, 2004. 
13. Barnashov A.M., Mityukov M.A. Ocherki konstitutsionnogo pravosudiya (Essays on constitutional justice). Tomsk, Izd-vo Tom. un-ta, 1999. 
14. Kommentariy k Federal'nomu konstitutsionnomu zakonu «O Konstitutsionnom Sude Rossiyskoy Federatsii» (Commentary on the Federal Constitutional Law “On the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation”), pod. red. G.A. Gadzhiyeva. Moscow, 2012.
Received: 11.02.2019
LEGAL ASPECTS OF RUSSIA'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: IS AN EXPECTED BREAKTHROUGH POSSIBLE?
CHEPUNOV Oleg Ivanovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Faculty of Law named after M.M. Speransky of the Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.
The paper discusses some issues related to the expected breakthrough in the economic sphere; some problems hindering the growth of the Russian economy are investigated. The paper substantiates the need to develop an optimal model of the Russian economic development based on combining planned and market economy, forming a science-based system of strategic planning on the basis of a constitutional and legislative definition of the content of this institution, the mechanisms of their discussion. It is noted that it is necessary to create some mechanisms to restore population’s confidence in the system of state power for implementing national projects.
Key words: national projects, strategic planning, lack of trust, mobilization model, implementation mechanisms. 
References
1. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 07.05.2018 N 204 (red. ot 19.07.2018) «O natsional'nykh tselyakh i strategicheskikh zadachakh razvitiya Rossiiskoi Federatsii na period do 2024 goda» (On the national purposes and strategic problems of the development of the Russian Federation until 2024), Ofitsial'nyi internet-portal pravovoi informatsii. URL: http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 07.05.2018.
2. Neshitoi A.S. Ekonomika Rossii za chetvert' veka – novyi ekonomicheskii kurs bezotlagatelen (Economy of Russia during a quarter of the century – the new economic course is urgent). URL: https://inecon.org/docs/2016/Neshitoy_paper_20161013.pdf (accessed date: 12.01.2019).
3. Dmitrii Medvedev vstretilsya s zhurnalistami, chtoby obsudit' itogi goda. (Dmitry Medvedev met journalists to discuss results of year). URL: https://www.1tv.ru/news/2014-12-14/31035-dmitriy_medvedev_vstretilsya_s_zhurnalistami_chtoby_obsudit_itogi_goda (accessed date: 12.01.2019).
4. Vladimir Putin: my dolzhny sovershit' nastoyashchii proryv v ekonomike (Vladimir Putin: we have to make the real break in economy). URL: http://putin.ru-an.info/ (accessed date: 15.01.2019).
5. O vnesenii pasportov natsional'nykh proektov v Sovet pri Prezidente Rossii po strategicheskomu razvitiyu i natsional'nym proektam (On entering the passports of national projects into the Council at the President of Russia for strategic development and national projects). URL: http://government.ru/news/34166/ (accessed date: 12.01.2019).
6. Khabrieva T.Ya. Konstitutsionalizm v Rossii: 10 let razvitiya (Constitutionalism in Russia: 10 years of development), Konstitutsiya i zakonodatel'stvo, material mezhdunarodnoi nauch.-prakt. konf. Moskva, 29 oktyabrya 2003 g., Otv. red. T.Ya. Khabrieva, Yu.A. Tikhomirov. Moscow, 2003. 
7. Gubin E.P. Pravovoe obespechenie svobody ekonomicheskoi deyatel'nosti (Legal support of freedom of economic activities). Predprinimatel'skoe parvo, 2015, No. 4. URL: http://consultant.ru (accessed date: 16.01.2019).
8. Ershova I.V. Uvedomitel'nyi rezhim nachala osushchestvleniya predprinimatel'skoi deyatel'nosti: zakon, doktrina, sudebnaya praktika. (Notifying the mode of the beginning of implementation of business activities: law, doctrine, judicial practice). Yurist, 2015, No. 20. URL: http://consultant.ru (accessed date: 16.01.2019).
9. Zasedanie Soveta po strategicheskomu razvitiyu i natsproektam (Meeting of the Council for strategic development and national projects).URL: http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/58894 (accessed date: 13.01.2019).
10. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 31 oktyabrya 2018 g. № 1288 «Ob organizatsii proektnoi deyatel'nosti v Pravitel'stve Rossiiskoi Federatsii» (On the organization of design activity in the Government of the Russian Federation). Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF, 2018, No. 45, St. 6947.
11. Natsproekty ne dlya natsii: kak osvaivayut byudzhet (National projects are not for the nation: how the budget is mastered). URL: https://www.pravda.ru/economics/rules/25-10-2018/1397186-project-0/ (accessed date: 12.01.2019).
12. Kak izmerit' natsproekty (How to measure national projects). Vedomosti. URL: https://www.vedomosti.ru/opinion/articles/2018/10/10/783372-kak (accessed date: 12.01.2019).
13. «Kommersant» rasskazal o somneniyakh regionov v ispolnimosti natsproektov (“Kommersant” told about the doubts of regions in feasibility of national projects). URL: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/21/11/2018/5bf4ed939a79476b9bb6823c (accessed date: 19.01.2019).
14. Aktual'nyi opyt zarubezhnykh stran po razvitiyu gosudarstvennykh sistem strategicheskogo planirovaniya (Relevant experience of foreign countries in developing the state systems of strategic planning). A.V. Klimenko, V.A. Korolev, D.Yu. Dvinskikh, N.A. Rychkova. Moscow, Izd. dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2016. 
15. «Levada-tsentr»: bol'shinstvo rossiyan vystupayut za otstavku pravitel'stva (“Levada Center”: most of Russians support the resignation of the government). URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3853709 (accessed date: 16.01.2019).
Received: 19.05.2019
SOCIAL AND LEGAL PURPOSE OF LEGAL RESTRICTIONS 
SHEMAROV Valentin Aleksandrovich
Instructor of the Department of Organization of Regime and Operational Search Activities in the Penitentiary System. Academy of Law Management of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Ryazan, Russia. 
The state strives to get the desired behavior of all the citizens by means of legal regulation and streamlining public relations. Conscious and volitional behavior of an individual more or less always comes from the social norms that he has learned and valued. Legal restrictions act as means of achieving actions on people through applying state influence and reaching social justice while violating the boundaries, which are marked by legal norms. Exploring the issues of social and legal purposes of legal restrictions at the level of practice and theory as well as their importance in shaping good behavior we may consider some problematic issues which arise as a result of their law enforcement activities. It is noted that legal restrictions contain elements of self-education and educational impact. At the same time they affect the interests of the person because initially in particular these interests are infringed which further hinder the realization of established rights and freedoms.
Keywords: legal restrictions, legitimate interests, justice, restrictions on the rights, freedoms, incentives, encouragement, legal regulation, law-making.
References
1. Alekseyev S.S. Obshchiye dozvoleniya i obshchiye zaprety v sovetskom prave (General permissions and general prohibitions in Soviet law). Moscow, 1989. 
2. Bratko A.G. Zaprety v sovetskom prave (Prohibitions in Soviet law). Saratov, 1979. 
3. Il'in I.A. Obshcheye ucheniye o prave i gosudarstve (fragmenty) (The general theory of law and state (fragments). Pravovedeniye, 1992, No. 3, pp. 96. 
4. Kovalev V.I. Motivy povedeniya i deyatel'nosti (Motives of behavior and activity). Moscow, 1988. 
5. Makovetskaya M.G. Ponyatiye pravovykh ogranicheniy prav i svobod cheloveka (The concept of legal restrictions on human rights and freedoms). Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2012, No. 6 (1), pp. 236. 
6. Polishchuk N.I. Funktsional'naya tsennost' printsipa pravovoy opredelennosti v normotvorcheskoy politike gosudarstva (The functional value of the principle of legal certainty in the rule-making policy of the state). Pravovoye gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2017, T. 4, No. 50, pp. 115-121. 
7. Polishchuk N.I. Tendentsii sovremennoy pravotvorcheskoy politiki Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Trends in the modern law-making policy of the Russian Federation). Yuridicheskaya mysl', 2017, No. 1 (99), pp. 75-80. 
8. Prikhod'ko I.M. Ogranicheniya v rossiyskom prave (problemy teorii i praktiki) (Restrictions in Russian law (problems of theory and practice), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Saratov, 2001. 
9. Romanov V.V. Yuridicheskaya psikhologiya (Legal psychology), uchebnik. Moscow, 1998. 
10. Kovalev V.I, Motivy povedeniya i deyatel'nosti (Motives of behavior and activity). Moscow, 1988. 
11. Tarasov A.V. Ogranicheniya konstitutsionnykh prav i svobod cheloveka v usloviyakh osobykh pravovykh rezhimov v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Restrictions on constitutional rights and freedoms of a person under special legal regimes in the Russian Federation), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. St. Petersburg, 2006. 
12. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law), kurs lektsiy, pod red. N.I. Matuzova, A.V. Mal'ko. 2-ye izd., pererab. i dop. Moscow, 2003. 
13. Teoriya gosudarstva i prava (Theory of State and Law), uchebnik, pod red. A.V. Mal'ko, A.Yu. Solomatina. 2-ye izd., ispr. i dop. St. Petersburg, 2015. 
14. Tikhomirov Yu.A Teoriya zakona (Theory of Statutory Law). Moscow, 1982. 
15. Tikhonravov Yu.V. Osnovy filosofii prava (Fundamentals of philosophy of law), uchebnoye posobiye. Moscow, 1997. 
16. Fatkullin F.N. Problemy teorii gosudarstva i prava (Problems of theory of state and law). Kazan', 1987.
Received: 11.11.2018
THE EXECUTION OF OFFICIAL DUTIES AS A SIGN OF INSULTING A REPRESENTATIVE OF AUTHORITIES
LARIN Victor Yurevich
Instructor of the Department of Administrative Law and Administrative Activities of the Ryazan Branch of the Moscow University of the MIA of Russia named after V.Ya. Kikot, Ryazan, Russia.
A necessary sign to prosecute under Art. 319 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is the commission of this crime in relation to a representative of authorities while in the execution of his duties or in connection with their execution. Judicial practice shows that the existence of two alternative features creates law enforcement problems. It is necessary to put aside the feature “while in the execution of official duties”, since it includes the broader feature “in connection with the execution of official duties”. The use by the legislator of the word “duties” in the term under consideration leads to the fact that if the representative of authorities realizes the rights, then insulting him at this moment does not entail criminal liability. Such an approach is unacceptable, since administration activities must always be protected, both while in the execution of duties, and while in the exercise of rights. In judicial practice, it is often indicated to the exercise of rights or powers but not to the execution of duties. Therefore, it is necessary to replace the term “official duties” by the term “official powers”.
Key words: representative of authorities, insult, official duties, official powers, responsibility, crime.
References
1. Borovikov V.B., Smerdov A.A. Ugolovnoye pravo. Osobennaya chast' (Criminal law. The special part). Moscow, Yurayt, 2018. 
2. Bragina A.G. Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost' za oskorbleniye predstavitelya vlasti (Criminal liability for insulting a representative of authorities), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Krasnoyarsk, 2006. 
3. Gadel'shina L.I. K voprosu o ponyatii «gosudarstvennoye polnomochiye» (To the question of the concept of "state power"). Vestnik ekonomiki, prava i sotsiologii, 2012, No. 2, pp. 121-124. 
4. Ivanov N.G. Ugolovnoye pravo (Criminal law). Osobennaya chast' v 2 t. T. 2. Moscow, Yurayt, 2018. 
5. Kiselev S.S. Ugolovno-pravovaya okhrana chesti i dostoinstva sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del (Criminal law protection of honor and dignity of officers of internal affairs bodies), dis. …kand. yurid. nauk. Omsk, 2013. 
6. Kuz'min A.V. Ugolovno-pravovaya okhrana lichnosti sotrudnikov pravookhranitel'nykh organov (Criminal law protection of the identity of law enforcement officers), dis. …kand. yurid. nauk. Krasnodar, 2016. 
7. Ozhegov S.I. Slovar' russkogo yazyka (Dictionary of the Russian language), ok. 60 000 slov i frazeologicheskikh vyrazheniy. Moscow, Oniks, Mir i Obrazovaniye, 2006. 
8. Prigovor Butyrskogo rayonnogo suda g. Moskvy ot 27 aprelya 2015 goda po ugolovnomu delu № 1-0356/2015 (The verdict of the Butyrsky District Court of Moscow dated April 27, 2015 in criminal case No. 1-0356 / 2015). URL: https://www.mos-gorsud.ru/rs/butyrskij/cases/docs/content/ 58d46b75-6cad-4869-909f-b4416861af96 (accessed date: 10.02.2019). 
9. Prigovor mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka № 2 g. Leninska-Kuznetskogo Kemerovskoy oblasti ot 17 sentyabrya 2014 goda po ugolovnomu delu № 1-33/2014 (The verdict of the Justice of the Peace of judicial district No. 2 of the city of Leninsk-Kuznetsky of the Kemerovo Region of September 17, 2014 in criminal case No. 1-33 / 2014). URL: http://0802.kmr.msudrf.ru/ modules.php?name=info_pages&id=2711 (accessed date: 10.02.2019). 
10. Prigovor Mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka № 27 Tsentral'nogo rayona g. Khabarovska ot 5 marta 2014 goda po ugolovnomu delu № 1-5/2014 (The verdict of the Justice of the Peace of judicial district No. 27 of the Central District of the city of Khabarovirsk of March 5, 2014 in criminal case No. 1-5 / 2014). URL: http://27.hbr.msudrf.ru/ modules.php?name=sud_delo&op=sd&number= 1306167&delo_id=1540006 (accessed date: 10.02.2019). 
11. Prigovor mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka № 4 g. Novoaltayska Altayskogo kraya ot 27 sentyabrya 2011 goda po ugolovnomu delu № 1-89/2011 (The verdict of the Justice of the Peace of judicial district No. 4 of the city of Novoaltaisk of the Altai Territory of September 27, 2011 in criminal case No. 1-89 / 2011). URL: http://nalt4.alt.msudrf.ru/modules.php?name=info_pages &id=924 (accessed date: 10.02.2019). 
12. Prigovor mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka № 44 sudebnogo rayona Mikhaylovskogo rayonnogo suda Ryazanskoy oblasti ot 10 maya 2017 goda (The verdict of the Justice of the Peace of judicial district No. 44 of the judicial district of the Mikhailovsky District Court of the Ryazan Region of May 10, 2017). Arkhiv mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka № 44 sudebnogo rayona Mikhaylovskogo rayonnogo suda Ryazanskoy oblasti. 
13. Prigovor mirovogo sud'i sudebnogo uchastka № 44 Tuzhinskogo rayona Kirovskoy oblasti ot 11 marta 2012 goda po ugolovnomu delu № 1-8/2012 (The verdict of the Justice of the Peace of judicial district No. 44 of the Tuzhinsky district of the Kirov region of March 11, 2012 in criminal case No. 1-8 / 2012). URL: http://44.kir.msudrf.ru/modules.php?name=info_pages&id=625 (accessed date: 10.02.2019). 
14. Smolyakov Ye.V. Ugolovno-pravovoye protivodeystviye prestupleniyam, posyagayushchim na zdorov'ye, chest' i dostoinstvo predstavitelya vlasti (Criminal law counteraction to the crimes encroaching upon health, honor and dignity of the representative of authorities), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Krasnodar, 2015. 
15. Tamozhnik Ye.L. Prestupleniya protiv zakonnoy deyatel'nosti predstaviteley vlasti: ugolovno-pravovoy i kriminologicheskiy aspekty (Crimes against lawful activities of representatives of authorities: criminal law and criminological aspects), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Tambov, 2006.
Received: 11.04.2019
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW FOUNDATIONS OF ACTIVITIES ON INCREASING POPULATION’S FINANCIAL LITERACY
SOKOLOVA Elena Aleksandrovna
Candidate of Sciences (Pedagogy), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Administrative and Financial Law of the Academy of Law Management of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Ryazan, Russia. E-mail: sokolova-umu@yandex>
HRISTOFOROVA Elena Igorevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law of the Ryazan State University named for S.A. Yesenin, Ryazan, Russia.
 E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
The research focuses on the state policy in the field of increasing population’s financial literacy. The aim of the paper is to study the status and prospects of constitutional law regulation of activities to develop population’s financial literacy and financial culture. The methodology of this study is composed of formal and legal, systematic and analytical and comparative legal methods. The paper reviews the peculiarities of legal regulation of the state policy to improve the financial literacy of the population in Russia. Based on the analysis of federal sources, as well as regional legislation and programs to improve financial literacy in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the authors conclude that it is advisable to adopt a federal law regulating the features of activities in the field of financial education. The findings of the study can be used in further studies of the state policy in the field of financial literacy, including legal regulation of educational activities in the field of personal finance management. The main conclusion of the study touches upon the need to provide legal regulation of the national state policy in the field of financial education at the level of Federal legislation.
Key words: financial literacy, constitutional law regulation, state policy in the field of financial education of the population.
References
1. Imayeva G. Finansovaya gramotnost' v Rossii i v mire (Financial literacy in Russia and in the world). Moscow, NAFI, 2017. URL: https://www.ranepa.ru/images/News/2017-03/03-03-2017-gramotnost-pres.pdf (accessed date: 29.03.2019). 
2. Klapper L., Lusardi A., van Oudheusden, P. Financial Literacy Around the World: insights from the standard & poor’s ratings services global financial literacy survey. McGraw Hill Financial, 2015. URL: https://gflec.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Finlit_paper_16_F2_singles.pdf (accessed date: 29.03.2019). 
3. Zelentsova A.V., Bliskavka Ye.A., Demidov D.N. Povysheniye finansovoy gramotnosti naseleniya: mezhdunarodnyy opyt i rossiyskaya praktika (Increasing financial literacy of the population: international experience and Russian practice). Moscow: TSIPSiR, KnoRus, 2012. pp. 20-24. URL: https://docplayer.ru/57945276-D-n-demidov-a-v-zelencova-e-a-bliskavka-povyshenie-finansovoy-gramotnosti-naseleniya-mezhdunarodnyy-opyt-i-rossiyskaya-praktika-soderzhanie.ht ml (accessed date: 29.03.2019). 
4. Khromov M.YU. Povysheniye finansovoy gramotnosti v rossiyskikh regionakh na fone opyta zarubezhnykh stran (Improving financial literacy in the Russian regions against the background of the experience of foreign countries). URL: https://www.iep.ru/files/Gaidarovskij_Forum2018/khromov-18.01.18.pdf (accessed date: 29.03.2019). 
5. Gaydarovskiy forum (Gaidar Forum). Ofitsial'nyy sayt. URL: http://gaidarforum.ru/program/17-yanvarya/ (accessed date: 29.03.2019). 
6. V Rossii sozdayutsya usloviya dlya povysheniya finansovoy gramotnosti naseleniya (In Russia, conditions are being created for increasing the financial literacy of the population). Ofitsial'nyy sayt RANKhiGS. URL: https://www.ranepa.ru/sobytiya/novosti/v-rossii-sozdayutsya-usloviya-dlya-povysheniya-finansovoj-gramotnosti-naseleniya (accessed date: 29.03.2019).
Received: 11.04.2019
METHODS TO STIMULATE THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHARITY AMONG DOMESTIC ENTREPRENEURS: HISTORY AND MODERNITY 
BRYLEVA Elena Alexandrovna
NIKITYUK Sergey Mikhailovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Head of the Perm Institute of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Perm, Russia. 
The traditions of charity that now exist in our country began to take shape a long time ago, at the very beginning of the emergence of the royal dynasty of the Romanovs. At the beginning of charity such features of this phenomenon as gratuitousness, individuality, legality began to form. Currently, the growth of charitable organizations has been noted in the Russian Federation. At the same time, the need to use both economic and non-economic methods of encouraging charity becomes obvious, which will allow the state to attract additional resources to solve socially important tasks without financial or other costs. It is also possible to take into account existing Russian historical traditions and foreign experience of charity in terms of both moral and material encouraging, in the form of public recognition of merits, the establishment of certain state awards, the adoption of special normative documents regulating incentives for charity and others.
Key words: charity, civil society, socialization, convicts, charitable foundations, patronage societies, incentives.
References
1. Badya L.V., Yankina M.V. Znaki i nagrady rossiyskikh blagotvoritel'nykh obshchestv (Medals and awards of Russian charitable societies). Sotsial'naya rabota v Rossii: proshloye i nastoyashcheye. Moscow, Stavropol', 1998. 
2. Varentsova L.Yu., Varentsov S.YU. Iz istorii nizhegorodskogo gubernskogo popechitel'nogo o tyur'makh komiteta v XIX–nachale XX veka (From the history of the Nizhny Novgorod provincial guardianship committee on prisons in the XIX – early XX century). Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Gumanitarnyye nauki, 2011, No. 3 (19), pp. 12-18. 
3. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv RF (State Archive of the Russian Federation), fond. 123, opis'. 1, delo. 14, l.d. 1. 
4. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv RF (State Archive of the Russian Federation), fond. 123, opis'. 1, delo.19, l.d. 12. 
5. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv RF (State Archive of the Russian Federation), fond. 123, opis'. 1, delo. 398, l.d. 1. «O nagrazhdenii po obshchestvu popechitel'nomu o tyur'makh». 
6. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv RF (State Archive of the Russian Federation), fond. 123, opis'. 1, delo. 398, l.d. 20. «O nagrazhdenii po obshchestvu popechitel'nomu o tyur'makh». 
7. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv RF (State Archive of the Russian Federation), fond. 123, opis'. 1, delo. 398, l.d. 29. «O nagrazhdenii po obshchestvu popechitel'nomu o tyur'makh». 
8. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv RF (State Archive of the Russian Federation), fond. 123, opis'. 1, delo. 398, l.d. 121. 
9. Zabelin I.Ye. Dom byta russkikh tsarey v XVI–XVII stoletii (House of life of the Russian tsars in the XVI–XVII centuries). T. 1. Ch. 1. Moscow, Yazyki russkoy kul'tury, 2000. 
10. Zakatov A.I. Traditsii blagotvoritel'nosti doma Romanovykh (Traditions of charity of the house of Romanovs). St. Petersburg, Imperatorskiy Fond issledovaniya onkologicheskikh zabolevaniy, 2015. 
11. Zakatov A.N. Razvitiye traditsiy dinasticheskikh blagotvoritel'nosti i popechitel'stva kak fenomen Rossiyskoy kul'tury na primere dorevolyutsionnoy Rossii (The development of the traditions of dynastic charity and trusteeship as a phenomenon of Russian culture on the example of pre-revolutionary Russia) (X v. – 1917 g.). URL: // http://lib2.znate.ru/docs/index-309786.html. 
12. Klemantovich I.P., Skoch A.V. Zarozhdeniye i razvitiye blagotvoritel'nosti kak sotsial'nogo instituta osobogo tipa : monografiya (The origin and development of charity as a social institution of a special type: monograph). Moscow, RITS MGOPU im. M.A. Sholokhova, 2000. 
13. Sal'nikov M.V. Genezis i evolyutsiya rossiyskoy politiko-pravovoy traditsii (istoriko-teoreticheskiy i sravnitel'no-pravovoy analiz) (Genesis and evolution of the Russian political and legal tradition (historical-theoretical and comparative legal analysis), dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. St. Petersburg, 2005. 
14. Sokol M.P. Podokhodnoye nalogooblozheniye fizlits (Income taxation of individuals). URL: http://www.businesspress. ru/newspaper/article_mId_36_aId_293316.html. 
15. Spravochnik blagotvoreniya (Handbook of beneficence). Sbornik svedeniy o nagradakh blagotvoritel'nykh, prosvetitel'nykh i drugikh obshchestv i uchrezhdeniy. Petrograd : Spravochnik blagotvoreniya, 1916. 
16. Shkabel'nikov G.Z., Petrov V.I. Znaki blagotvoritel'nykh obshchestv i pravila nagrazhdeniya imi lits za okazannuyu pomoshch' delami blagotvoreniya (Medals of charitable societies and the rules for awarding them to persons for the assistance rendered to deeds of beneficence). St. Petersburg, 1902.
Received: 25.04.2019
TO THE ISSUE OF LEGAL REGULATION OF DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE IN RUSSIA
DUBROVSKAYA Tatyana Valerievna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Law, International Private law and Civil Procedure of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow, Russia. 
The increase in the number of divorces in Russia has become a progressively urgent problem in recent years. According to the author, unjustified standards that do not develop and even impede the execution of family protection tasks have been added by the drafters of the current Family Code to the family legislation of modern Russia, which largely preserved the continuity with respect to the Soviet legislation on marriage and family, in the part devoted to dissolution of marriage. As measures to strengthen family and marriage, the author proposes to amend the Family Code of the Russian Federation, in particular, to increase the period for divorcing in civil registry offices and issuing a corresponding certificate to three months, to eliminate the rule that allows the court to dissolve the marriage without clarifying the reasons for divorcing, to enter a deadline for reconciliation of spouses within six months for all cases of divorce in court.
Key words: family law, dissolution of marriage, Soviet legislation on marriage and family, Family Code of the Russian Federation, civil registry offices.
References
1. Vershinina Ye.V. Prichiny rastorzheniya braka v Rossii i vo Frantsii: sravnitel'no-pravovoy analiz (Reasons for divorce in Russia and France: comparative legal analysis). Pravo i upravleniye. XXI vek, 2015, No. 2 (35), pp. 36-41. 
2. Laktyukhina Ye.G. Zaklyucheniye i rastorzheniye braka v sovremennoy Rossii: sotsiologi-cheskiy analiz (The conclusion and dissolution of marriage in modern Russia: sociological analysis). Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya. 2011, No. 6, pp. 68-71. 
3. Mozolin V.P. Zakonodatel'stvo o brake i razvode v SSSR (The legislation on marriage and divorce in the USSR). SSSR – Frantsiya: sotsiologicheskiy i mezhdunarodno-pravovoy aspekty sravnitel'nogo pravovedeniya. Moscow, Izd-vo IGiP AN SSSR, 1987, pp. 27-35. 
4. Svod zakonov Rossiyskoy imperii (The code of laws of the Russian Empire), sb. dokumentov. T. X. Ch. 1. Svod zakonov grazhdanskikh. Kn. 1. O pravakh i obyazannostyakh semeystvennykh. St. 45. URL : http://civil.consultant.ru/reprint/books/211/1.html#img2. 
5. Semeynoye pravo (Family law), uchebnik i praktikum dlya prikladnogo bakalavriata. L.M. Pchelintseva i dr., pod nauch. red. L.M. Pchelintsevoy, pod obshch red. L.V. Tsitovich. Moscow, 2015. 
6. Yanenko O.Yu. Rastorzheniye braka v Rossiyskoy imperii na rubezhe XIX–XX vv. (Divorce in the Russian Empire at the turn of the XIX – XX centuries). Vestnik Yuzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Sotsial'no-gumanitarnyye nauki, 2013, T. 13, No. 1, pp. 192-194. 
7. Yarmonova Ye.N. Vzaimnoye soglasiye kak osnovaniye rastorzheniya khristianskogo braka v Rossii (Mutual consent as the basis for the dissolution of a Christian marriage in Russia). Kontsept, 2015, Spetsvypusk No. 26. URL: http://e-koncept.ru/2015/75358.htm.
Received: 11.04.2019
STAGES OF ENFORCEMENT PROCEEDINGS AS A WARRANT OF TIMELINESS OF EXECUTING ENFORCEMENT DOCUMENT REQUIREMENTS
MURZABULATOV Ural Mullakhmetovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. 
The execution of judicial acts is one of the main criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of justice as, first of all, it is the promptness and completeness of their execution that affect the stability of civil circulation and guarantee the triumph of justice in general. The study of the features of the current practice of enforcement proceedings allows to formulate the conclusion that the stages of national enforcement proceedings need to be improved and systematized with establishing specific procedural terms.
Key words: enforcement proceedings, stages of enforcement proceedings, terms in enforcement proceedings, conciliation procedures, judicial control over execution.
THEORETICAL AND LEGAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ALIMONY OBLIGATIONS: FOUNDATIONS AND CONDITIONS
ROMANOVA Irina Nikolaevna 
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Law, International Private Law and Civil Procedure of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow. 
In terms of studying scientific points of view, analyzing norms of the current legislation, as well as draft regulations, legal foundations of alimony obligations and necessary conditions for their establishment are considered. In the modern family law of the Russian Federation, alimony is understood as material resources provided by law for the maintenance of some subjects of law by others due to kindred, marital and other family legal relations that have developed between them. Alimony obligations are special obligations; they arise on the basis of imperative norms of family law, characterized by a complex subject composition and a publicity element. The main obligations arise between parents and children, spouses and former spouses, subsidiary obligations arise with the participation of other family members. The list of persons eligible for recovery of alimony, including compulsory, is established by the Family Code of the Russian Federation, and the possibility of recovery of alimony is determined by certain circumstances, which apply to both alimony payers and recipients. 
Key words: alimony obligation, financial support, alimony payer, alimony recipient.
References
1. Romanova I.N. Aktual'nyye voprosy novellizatsii pravovoy reglamentatsii sfery notarial'noy deyatel'nosti v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Topical issues of the novelization of legal regulation of the scope of notarial activities in the Russian Federation). Notarius, 2012, No. 4, pp. 13-15. 
2. Grishayev S.P. Alimentnyye obyazatel'stva (Alimony obligations). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus». 
3. Nizamiyeva O.N. Semeynoye pravo na rubezhe XX-XXI vekov (Family law at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries). Semeynoye i zhilishchnoye pravo, obzor vystupleniy na mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, 2011, No. 4. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus». 
4. Antokol'skaya M.A. Semeynoye pravo (Family Law), uchebnik. Moscow, Yurist, 2010. 
5. Chashkova S.Yu. Sistema dogovornykh obyazatel'stv v rossiyskom semeynom prave (The system of contractual obligations in Russian family law), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, 2004. 
6. Usacheva Ye.A. Problemy opredeleniya predmeta i sub"yektnogo sostava soglasheniya ob uplate alimentov (Problems of determining the object and subject composition of the agreement on the payment of alimony). Aktual'nyye problemy rossiyskogo prava, 2014, No. 8, pp. 1650-1656. 
7. Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii: (prinyata vsenarodnym golosovaniyem 12 dekabrya 1993 g.: po sostoyaniyu na 01 aprelya 2018 g.) (The Constitution of the Russian Federation: (adopted by popular vote on December 12, 1993: as of April 1, 2018). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus». 
8. Alimenty na rebenka v vozraste do 23 let (Alimony for a child under the age of 23). Natsional'nyy pravovoy portal. URL: https://viplawyer.ru/alimenty-na-rebenka-do-23-let/#__23__2019. 
9. Zakon Ukrainy «Ob ispolnitel'nom proizvodstve» s izmeneniyami i dopolneniyami, vnesennymi Zakonami Ukrainy ot 7 iyulya 2010 goda № 2453-VI (st.st. 70,74) (The Law of Ukraine “On Enforcement Proceedings” with amendments and additions introduced by the Laws of Ukraine dated July 7, 2010 No. 2453-VI (Articles 70.74). URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/egi-bin/laws/main egi?nreg=2947-14. 
10. Chefranova Ye.A. Pravovoye regulirovaniye imushchestvennykh otnosheniy suprugov (Legal regulation of property relations of spouses). Rossiyskaya yustitsiya, 1996, No. 7, pp. 35-36.
Received: 28.04.2019
TO THE ISSUE OF AWARDING AND RECOVERING ALIMONYIN MODERN RUSSIA
SKYLOVA Irina Alexandrovna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Law, International Private Law and Civil Procedure of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow, Russia. 
The issues related to alimony obligations of citizens who, according to family law, are obliged to pay maintenance to children and spouses, especially after divorce, remain topical in modern Russia. Life realities reveal the reluctance of the former spouse to use the right to receive alimony as one of such problems. This problem becomes especially acute when this refers to the maintenance of common children after divorce. Refusing to recover alimony for a minor, the parent living with him violates primarily the rights and legitimate interests of his own child. As measures that can change this situation, the author proposes to oblige the court during divorce proceedings not only to determine if there is no agreement on alimony payment, from which parent and in what amounts alimony is recovered on their children, but also to award alimony in court. In addition, the author shares the point of view according to which it is necessary to legally oblige the parent, with whom the child remains and who refuses to apply to court for alimony, to go to court, and for failing to comply with this requirement, to introduce responsibility.
Key words: family law, alimony obligations, court, guardianship and custody, maintenance of minor children and former spouses.
References
1. Gongalo B.M., Krasheninnikov P.V., Mikheyeva L.Yu., Ruzakova O.A. Semeynoye pravo (Family Law), uchebnik, pod red. P.V. Krasheninnikova. Moscow, Statut, 2008. 
2. Kapitova O.V. Pravovaya priroda mekhanizma alimentirovaniya v semeynom prave Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The legal nature of the alimentation mechanism in the family law of the Russian Federation), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, 2009. 
3. Kravchuk N.V. Obespecheniye prava detey na polucheniye alimentov: problemy i puti ikh resheniya (Ensuring the right of children to receive alimony: problems and their solutions), ANO «Sovet po voprosam upravleniya i razvitiya». Moscow, OOO «Delovyye i yuridicheskiye uslugi “LeksPraksis”», 2014. 
4. Nechayeva A.M. Semeynoye pravo: aktual'nyye problemy teorii i praktika (Family Law: Actual Problems of Theory and Practice). Moscow, Yurayt-Izdat, 2007.
Received: 30.04.2019
ОСОБЕННОСТИ ПРЕДОСТАВЛЕНИЯ СОЦИАЛЬНЫХ ЛЬГОТ НА ТРАНСПОРТЕ PARTICULARITIES OF PROVIDING SOCIAL BENEFITS IN TRANSPORT
TIMONINA Irina Vladimirovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Theory of Law, History of Law and International Law of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow,Russia. 
Currently, Russia has formed a large number of forms and types of social assistance to disadvantaged groups. It is worth noting the fact that the legal status of social benefits has increased significantly. The introduction of transport and other benefits is necessary to even out social differences between categories of citizens. The main functions of social benefits reflect the objectives of their legislative consolidation and advantages, legal nature and social significance. Practice shows that the benefits provided for using transport, as well as other types of benefits are regulated by both federal and regional legislation; an important distinctive feature of the regulatory framework of social benefits under the social security system is their division according to categories of citizens and not according to their content. It should be noted that the conditions and methods of providing social transport benefits for different categories of citizens may have significant differences. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that federal benefit holders, as well as labor veterans, disabled people and non-working pensioners of the Russian Federation have more privileges and benefits, than working people of retirement age. Undoubtedly, the role of the state, aimed at social protection of veterans, youth, disabled and other categories of citizens, is important.
Key words: social benefits, social protection, transport, legal regulation, categories of benefit holders, system of transport benefits, pensioners, disabled, veterans.
References
1. Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The Constitution of the Russian Federation) (prinyata vsenarodnym golosovaniyem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennykh Zakonami RF o popravkakh k Konstitutsii RF ot 30.12.2008 № 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 № 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 № 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014. № 11-FKZ). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tant plyus». 
2. Antip'yeva N.V. Klassifikatsiya kriteriyev differentsiatsii pravovogo regulirovaniya v prave sotsial'nogo obespecheniya (Classification of criteria for differentiation of legal regulation in law of social security). Aktual'nyye problemy Rossiyskogo prava, 2016, No. 10, pp.111-123. 
3. Lushnikova A.M. Kurs prava sotsial'nogo obespecheniya (The course of social security law). Moscow : Yustitsinform, 2013. 
4. Krylov K.D. Voprosy realizatsii prav i svobod lichnosti v sfere truda i sotsial'nogo obespecheniya (Issues of the realization of the rights and freedoms of the individual in the sphere of labor and social security). Aktual'nyye problemy Rossiyskogo prava, 2017, No. 1, pp. 20-27. 
5. Ageshkina N.A. Spravochnik po l'gotam, vyplatam, posobiyam i kompensatsii (Handbook of benefits, payments, assistance and compensation). Moscow, Feniks, 2015. 
6. O sotsial'noy zashchite invalidov v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: feder. zakon Ros. Federatsii ot 24 noyabrya 1995 № 181-FZ (On social protection of disabled persons in the Russian Federation: Federal law of the Russian Federation from 24 November, 1995 No. 181-FZ) (redaktsiya ot 29.07.2018) : prinyat Gosudarstvennoy Dumoy 20 iyulya 1995 g. : odobren Sovetom Federatsii 15 noyabrya 1995 g. ( s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 01.01.2019.). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tant plyus».
Received: 14.05.2019
BACKBONE FACTORS OF PASSENGER TRANSPORT CONTRACTS
FEDOTOVA Diana Sergeevna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Faculty of Law of the Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia.
TheThis email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it."> existing concepts of creating a system of civil contracts are formed with such backbone signs as signs of result orientation, subject structure, compensatory nature, etc. At the same time, little attention is paid to such a backbone factor as system linking. The process of forming a backbone system is connected with searching the factors uniting elements in an expedient unity. Now researchers’ efforts are most often aimed at finding criteria of dividing the system into parts, but not at uniting. The system of passenger transport contracts has to consider not only its derivativeness from the system of the public relations developing within transportation process but also from the essence of functioning and interaction links between system elements. The author concludes that it is necessary to study mutual link interferences within the system as well as the problem of administrating a set of system links.
Key words: contract system, methodology, passenger transport contract, backbone factors.
References
1. Belousov V.A. Problema opredeleniya sushchnosti svyazi (The problem of determining the nature of linking). Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2007, No. 1 (6), pp. 129-134. 
2. Braginskiy M.I., Vitryanskiy V.V. Dogovornoye pravo (obshchiye polozheniya) (Contract law (general provisions). Moscow, Statut, 1997. 
3. Volkova V.N., Denisov A.A. Osnovy teorii sistem i sistemnogo analiza (Fundamentals of the theory of systems and systems analysis), Uchebnik dlya studentov vuzov, obuchayushchikhsya po spetsial'nosti «sistemnyy analiz i upravleniye». 2-ye izd., pererab. i dop. St. Petersburg, Izd-vo SPbGTU, 2001. 
4. Zhilin D.M. Teoriya sistem: Opyt postroyeniya kursa (Theory of systems: Experience in creating a course). Moscow, Knizhnyy dom «LIBROKOM», 2016. 
5. Kerimov D.A. Metodologiya prava: predmet, funktsii, problemy filosofii prava (Methodology of law: subject, functions, problems of philosophy of law). 4-ye izd. Moscow, Izd-vo SGU, 2008. 
6. Krasavchikov O.A. Sistema otdel'nykh vidov obyazatel'stv (The system of certain types of obligations). Sovetskaya yustitsiya, 1960, No. 5, pp. 42-43. 
7. Novitskiy I.B., Lunts L.A. Obshcheye ucheniye ob obyazatel'stve (General doctrine of obligations). Moscow, 1950. 
8. Romanets Yu.V. Sistema dogovorov v grazhdanskom prave Rossii (The system of contracts in civil law of Russia), monografiya. 2-ye izd., pererab. i dop. Moscow, Norma, Infra-M, 2013. 
9. Spitsnadel' V.N. Osnovy sistemnogo analiza (Fundamentals of system analysis), ucheb. pos. St. Petersburg, Biznes-pressa, 2000. 
10. Uyemov A.I. Sistemnyy podkhod i obshchaya teoriya system (Systems approach and general theory of systems). Moscow, Mysl', 1978.
Received: 10.05.2019
LEGAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS OF IMPLEMENTING ADMINISTRATIVE AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES BY OFFICERS OF THE FEDERAL PENAL SERVICE OF RUSSIA IN SPECIAL CONDITIONS OF FUNCTIONING OF INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES OF THE PENAL SYSTEM
GRISHIN Dmitry Aleksandrovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Law Faculty of the Academy of Law Management of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Ryazan, Russia. 
GRISHINA Evgenia Vladislavovna
Instructor of the Department of Social and Humanitarian Disciplines of the Ryazan Branch of the Moscow University of the MIA of Russia named after V.Ya. Kikot, Ryazan, Russia. 
The article discusses legal grounds for establishing a “special” regime of functioning of institutions and bodies of the penal system. These legal grounds are divided into external ones, associated with natural (man-made) phenomena, as well as with establishing other administrative-legal regimes (state of emergency or martial law) on institution territory which are provided for by the legislation; and internal grounds caused by illegal processes and phenomena developing among convicts (suspects, accused). The authors review administrative preventive measures implemented by officers of the Penal system of Russia in conditions of emergency and martial law, as well as in the regime of special conditions.
Key words: public enforcement, administrative prevention measures, penal system, penitentiary security.
References
1. Bakhrakh D.N. Administrativnoye pravo Rossii (Administrative Law of Russia), uchebnik dlya vuzov. Moscow, 2000. 
2. Maydykov A.F., Melekhin A.V. Problemy formirovaniya zakonodatel'stva ob osobykh pra-vovykh rezhimakh v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Problems of formation of legislation on special legal regimes in the Russian Federation). Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava, 2005, No. 10, pp. 99-101. 
3. Gromov M.A. Pravovyye osnovy obespecheniya deyatel'nosti organov vnutrennikh del v oso-bykh usloviyakh (The legal framework for ensuring the activities of internal affairs bodies in particular conditions). Moscow, 1988. 
4. Zyryanov S.M. Ekstraordinarnyye (spetsial'nyye) administrativno-pravovyye rezhimy: po-nyatiye i obosnovaniye neobkhodimosti vvedeniya (Extraordinary (special) administrative-legal regimes: concept and grounds for the introduction). Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava, 2016, No. 4, pp. 72-81. 
5. Ob uchrezhdeniyakh i organakh, ispolnyayushchikh ugolovnyye nakazaniya v vide lisheniya svobody: Zakon RF ot 21.07.1993 № 5473-1 (On institutions and bodies that execute criminal penalties in the form of deprivation of liberty: RF Law of 21.07.1993 No. 5473-1). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tant plyus». 
6. O soderzhanii pod strazhey podozrevayemykh i obvinyayemykh v sovershenii prestupleniy: Federal'nyy zakon ot 15.07.1995 № 103-FZ (red. ot 22.12.2014) (On the custody of suspects and accused of committing crimes: Federal Law dated 07.15.1995 No. 103-FZ (as amended on 12.22.2014). Rossiyskaya gazeta, 1995, 20 iyulya. 
7. O voyennom polozhenii: Federal'nyy konstitutsionnyy zakon ot 30.01.2002 № 1-FKZ (red. ot 01.07.2017) (On martial law: Federal Constitutional Law of January 30, 2002 No. 1-FKZ (as amended on July 01, 2017). Sobraniye zakonodatel'stva RF, 2002, No. 5, st. 375. 
8. O chrezvychaynom polozhenii: Federal'nyy konstitutsionnyy zakon ot 30.05.2001 № 3-FKZ (red. ot 03.07.2016) (On the state of emergency: Federal Constitutional Law of 30.05.2001 No. 3-FKZ (as amended on 03.07.2016). Sobraniye zakonodatel'stva RF, 2001, No. 23, st. 2277. 
9. Ukhov V.Yu. Institut chrezvychaynogo polozheniya v sisteme obespecheniya natsional'noy bez-opasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The Institute of Emergency in the System of Ensuring the National Security of the Russian Federation), dis. … d-ra yurid. nauk. Moscow, 2007. 
10. Anikiyenko S.A. Administrativno-pravovoy rezhim chrezvychaynogo polozheniya, vvodimogo v svyazi s sotsial'nymi konfliktami (po materialam mezhnatsional'nykh konfliktov) (Administrative legal regime of the state of emergency introduced in connection with social conflicts (based on materials of international conflicts), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, 1994. 
11. Fedorov V.A. Pravovoy institut isklyuchitel'nogo (voyennogo i chrezvychaynogo) polozheniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii (Legal Institute of exceptional (military and emergency) state in the Russian Federation), avtoref. dis. … na kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, 2003. 
12. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'noye zakonodatel'stvo v usloviyakh stikhiynogo bedstviya, vvedeniya chrezvychaynogo ili voyennogo polozheniya (Penal legislation in the conditions of a natural disaster, introducing the state of emergency or martial law), monografiya, pod obsh. red A.A. Krymova. Ryazan', Akademiya FSIN Rossii, 2017. 
13. O protivodeystvii terrorizmu: Federal'nyy zakon ot 06.03.1996 № 35 (On Countering Terrorism: Federal Law of 06.03.1996 No. 35). Rossiyskaya gazeta, 2006, 6 marta. 
14. Uporov A.G. Sushchnost' rezhima osobykh usloviy i osnovaniya yego vvedeniya v ispravitel'-nykh uchrezhdeniyakh (The essence of the regime of special conditions and the basis for its introduction in penal correctional institutions). Ugolovno-ispolnitel'naya sistema segodnya: vzaimodeystviye nauki i praktiki : materialy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, otv. red. A.G. Antonov. Novokuznetsk, FKOU VO Kuzbasskiy institut FSIN Rossii, 2015. 
15. Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nyy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 08.01.1997 № 1-FZ (red. ot 16.10.2017) (The Penal Code of the Russian Federation of January 8, 1997, No. 1-FZ (as amended on 10.16.2017). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tant plyus».
Received: 21.04.2019
CIVIL CLAIM IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS AS A LEGAL INSTITUTION HAVING A DUAL LEGAL NATURE
NOVIKOVA Yuliya Gennadievna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Instructor of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Ryazan State University named for S.A. Yesenin, Ryazan, Russia.
The study of the legal nature of a civil claim in criminal proceedings allows us to identify the features of the content and the set of problems of improving normative regulation of this legal institution. This regulation concerns the issues of excluding double damages, the expediency of bringing a regressive action in a criminal case, the clarification of the limits of legal regulation of the legal institution in relation to the issues of ensuring actions for damages caused by a person subjected to criminal prosecution, in the event of termination of a criminal case on non-rehabilitative grounds.
Key words: civil claim in criminal proceedings, legal institution, double damages, regressive action victim, civil plaintiff, civil defendant.
References
1. Dayev V.G. Primeneniye iskovoy formy zashchity prava v sovetskom ugolovnom protses-se (Ap-plication of the claim form of protection of the right in Soviet criminal proceedings), avtoref. dis. …kand. yurid. nauk. Leningrad, 1967. 
2. Denisova T.YU. Tselesoobraznost' grazhdanskogo iska v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve (The ex-pediency of a civil action in criminal proceedings). Vestnik OGU. 2005. № 3. 
3. Zorin A.I. Grazhdanskiy isk v ugolovnom protsesse (A civil action in criminal proceedings), avto-ref. dis. …kand. yurid. nauk. Yekaterinburg, 2005. 
4. Kurmakayeva S.M. Regressnyy isk v ugolovnom dele (Regressive action in a criminal case), av-toref. dis. …kand. yurid. nauk. Leningrad, 1989. 
5. Nikolayev Ye.M. K voprosu o pred"yavlenii grazhdanskogo iska v ugolovnom protsesse (On the issue of bringing a civil action in criminal proceedings). Vestnik Ufimskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii, 2017, No. 1, pp. 35-37. 
6. Postanovleniye Konstitutsionnogo Suda RF ot 08.12.2017 № 39-P «Po delu o proverke konstitut-sionnosti polozheniy statey 15, 1064 i 1068 Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii, pod-punkta 14 punkta 1 stat'i 31 Nalogovogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii, stat'i 199.2 Ugolovnogo kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii i chasti pervoy stat'i 54 Ugolovno-protsessual'nogo kodeksa Ros-siyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s zhalobami grazhdan G.G. Akhmadeyevoy, S.I. Lysyaka i A.N. Ser-geyeva» (Resolution of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation No. 39-P dated December 8, 2017 “On the case of checking the constitutionality of the provisions of Articles 15, 1064 and 1068 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, subparagraph 14 of paragraph 1 of Article 31 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation, Article 199.2 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and Part 1 of  Article 54 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation in connection with complaints of citizens G.G. Akhmadeeva, S.I. Lysyaka and A.N. Sergeeva”). URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_284733/ (accessed date: 11.03.2019). 
7. Postanovleniye Plenuma Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 29.06.2010 № 17 (red. ot 16.05.2017) «O praktike primeneniya sudami norm, reglamentiruyushchikh uchastiye poterpevshego v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve» (Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of 29.06.2010 No. 17 (ed. Of 16.05.2017) “On the practice of application of the rules governing the participation of the victim in criminal proceedings by courts”). URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_96790/ (accessed date: 11.03.2019). 
8. Postanovleniye Plenuma Vysshego Arbitrazhnogo Suda RF ot 30.07.2013 № 62 «O nekotorykh voprosakh vozmeshcheniya ubytkov litsami, vkhodyashchimi v sostav organov yuridicheskogo litsa» (Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation of July 30, 2013 No. 62 “On some issues of compensation for damages by persons belonging to the bodies of a legal entity”). URL: https://www.sudact.ru/law/postanovlenie-plenuma-vas-rf-ot-30072013-n_5/ (accessed date: 11.03.2019). 
9. Sushina T.Ye. Grazhdanskiy isk v ugolovnom dele: ot teorii k praktike (A civil action in a criminal case: from theory to practice). Zhurnal Rossiyskogo prava. 2016. № 3. 
10. Tal'berg D.G. Grazhdanskiy isk v ugolovnom sude ili soyedinitel'nyy protsess (A civil lawsuit in criminal court or a connecting procedure). Kiyev : Univ. tip., 1888. URL: http://www.ex-jure.ru/law/news.php?newsid=349#sub_1003 (accessed date: 06.03.2019). 
11. Ustav ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva ot 20.11.1864 (The charter of criminal proceedings of 11/20/1864). Informatsionno-pravovoy portal Garant. URL: https://base.garant.ru/57791498/# friends (accessed date: 17.03.2019). 
12. Foynitskiy I.YA. Kurs ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva (The course of criminal proceedings). V 2 t. T 2. / pod red. A.V. Smirnova. SPb.: Al'fa. 1996. URL: http://kalinovsky-k.narod.ru/b/foinitsky/t-2/glava3/192.htm (accessed date: 06.03.2019). 
13. Shkhagapsoyev Z.L. Dopustimost' regressnykh iskov v ugolovnom protsesse (The admissibility of regressive actions in criminal proceedings). Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, 2005, No. 4 (28), pp. 121-122.
Received: 21.04.2019
ORGANIZING THE ACTIVITIES OF CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION AUTHORITIES ON FORMING LEGITIMATE BEHAVIOR OF THE PERSON SENTENCED TO IMPRISONMENT
REMIZOVA Leila Sarvarovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Senior Instructor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Academy of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Ryazan, Россия.
The concept of the development of the penal system of the Russian Federation until 2020 provides for the main directions of the development of institutions and bodies executing criminal punishments, among which the author highlights the incentive function of encouragement measures; it contains such  moral and ethical categories as approval, trust, recognition, fairness of penalties when shaping lawful behavior of the person sentenced to imprisonment and the role of the correctional officer in the specified issue. Encouragement and penalty for a convict is a way of influencing the effectiveness of performing his duties through moral interest. Thus, there is a stimulation of convicts to perform their duties and strictly observe internal regulations, and as a result it contributes to the strengthening of the regime.
Key words: convict, law, law-abiding behavior, encouragement, penalty, incentive, approval, trust, recognition, justice.
References
1. Khoroshko I.V. K voprosu o neobkhodimosti vneseniya izmeneniy v ch. 1 st. 116 Ugolovno-ispolnitel'nogo Kodeksa Rossiyskoy Federatsii (On the need for changes in Part 1 of Art. 116 of the Penal Code of the Russian Federation). Vestnik obshchestvennoy nauchno-issledovatel'skoy laboratorii «Vzaimodeystviye ugolovno-ispolnitel'noy sistemy s institutami grazhdanskogo obshchestva: istoriko-pravovyye i teoretiko-metodologicheskiye aspekty», 2018, No. 12, pp. 192-196. 
2. Struchkov N.A., Shupilov V.P. Ispolneniye ugolovnykh nakazaniy v kapitalisticheskikh stranakh (SSHA, Yaponiya) (Execution of criminal sentences in capitalist countries (USA, Japan), uchebnoye posobiye. Vyp. 3. Moscow, Akademiya MVD SSSR, 1979. 
3. Ovodkova L.S. K voprosu o pravakh cheloveka v usloviyakh izolyatora vremennogo soderzhaniya (To the issue of human rights in a temporary detention facility). Chelovek: prestupleniye i nakazaniye, 2013, No. 4 (83), pp. 132-134. 
4. Ob utverzhdenii Pravil vnutrennego rasporyadka ispravitel'nykh uchrezhdeniy : prikaz Minyusta Rossii ot 03.11.2005 № 205 (On the approval of the Internal Regulations of Correctional Institutions: Order of the Ministry of Justice of Russia of 03.11.2005 No. 205). Byulleten' normativnykh aktovfederal'nykh organov ispolnitel'noy vlasti, 2005, No. 47. 
5. Antonov A.G. O predelakh usmotreniya administratsii uchrezhdeniy, ispolnyayushchikh naka-zaniye v vide lisheniya svobody, pri primenenii mer pooshchreniya i vzyskaniya k osuzhden-nym (On the limits of the discretion of the administration of institutions that execute punishment in the form of deprivation of liberty, when applying incentives and penalties to convicted persons). Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta FSIN Rossii, 2016, No. 2 (27), pp. 9-13.
Received: 16.05.2019
ON THE ISSUE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CONCEPTS “VICTIM” AND “OBJECT OF CRIME”
TRETYAKOV Ivan Lvovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
ZHABIN Iliya Yuriyevich
Senior Instructor of the Department of Transport Law of the St. Petersburg University of Civil Aviation, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
There are many opinions on the issue of the relationship between the attributes of victim and object of crime. Basically they come to equating the victim with the subject, equating the victim with the object and classifying the victim as the object attributes. The correct solution of this issue depends, first of all, on the approach to understand the object. The victim is present in the object of crime as a subjective element of social relations in any criminal infringements. At the same time, the concepts “victim of crime” and “subject of crime” do not coincide.
Key words: victim, object of crime, attributes of crime, crime, criminal law.
Reference
1. Batyukova V.Ye. Poterpevshiy v ugolovnom prave (The victim in criminal law), avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, Yurid. in-t MVD RF, 1995. 
2. Bulgakov D.B. Poterpevshiy v ugolovnom prave i yego kriminologicheskaya kharakteristika (The victim in criminal law and his criminological characteristics), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Stavropol', 2000. 
3. Gadzhiyeva A.A., Gadzhiyeva D.G. Poterpevshiy v sisteme ob"yektivnykh priznakov sostava prestupleniya (The victim in the system of objective elements of crime). Probely v rossiyskom zakonodatel'stve, 2010, No. 1, pp. 141-143. 
4. Gaukhman L. D. Kvalifikatsiya prestupleniy: zakon, teoriya, praktika (Qualification of crimes: law, theory, practice). Moscow, Tsentr YurInfoR, 2001. 
5. Glistin V.K. Problema ugolovno-pravovoy okhrany obshchestvennykh otnosheniy (ob"yekt i kvalifikatsiya prestupleniy) (The problem of criminal law protection of public relations (object and qualification of crimes). Leningrad, LGU, 1979. 
6. Dagel' P.S. Poterpevshiy v sovetskom ugolovnom prave (The victim in the Soviet criminal law). Poterpevshiy ot prestupleniya : tematicheskiy sbornik. Vladivostok, Dal'nevostochnyy un-t, 1974. pp. 16-37. 
7. Korzhanskiy N.I. Ob"yekt i predmet ugolovno-pravovoy okhrany (The object and subject of criminal law protection). Moscow, Akademiya MVD SSSR, 1980. 
8. Krasikov A.N. Sushchnost' i znacheniye soglasiya poterpevshego v sovetskom ugolovnom prave (The essence and significance of the consent of the victim in Soviet criminal law), pod red. I.S. Noya. Saratov, Saratovskiy un-t, 1976. 
9. Kudryavtsev V.N. K voprosu o sootnoshenii ob"yekta i predmeta prestupleniya (On the question of the relationship between the object and the subject of crime). Sovetskoye gosudarstvo i pravo, 1951, No. 8, pp. 51-60. 
10. Kurs ugolovnogo prava v pyati tomakh (The course of criminal law in five volumes). Tom 1. Obshchaya chast': Ucheniye o prestupleniy, avt. kol. G.N. Borzenkovi dr.; pod red. N.F. Kuznetsovoy, I.M. Tyazhkovoy. Moscow, Zertsalo, 2002. 
11. Nikiforov B.S. Ob"yekt prestupleniya po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu (The object of crime under Soviet criminal law). Moscow, Gosyurizdat, 1960. 
12. Novoselov G.P. Ucheniye ob ob"yekte prestupleniya. Metodologicheskiye aspekty (The doctrine of the object of crime. Methodological aspects). Moscow, Norma, 2001. 
13. Sidorenko E.L. O statuse poterpevshego v ugolovnom prave (On the status of the victim in criminal law). Zhurnal rossiyskogo prava, 2011, No. 4, pp. 77-84. 
14. Sidorov B.V. Povedeniye poterpevshikh ot prestupleniya i ugolovnaya otvetstvennost' (The behavior of the victims of crime and criminal liability), dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. Kazan', Kazanskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet, 1998. 
15. Sidorov B.V. Povedeniye poterpevshikh ot prestupleniya i ugolovnaya otvetstvennost' (Crime victim behavior and criminal liability), avtoref. dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. Kazan', Kazanskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet, 1998. 
16. Tatsiy V.Ya. Predmet prestupleniya (The subject of crime). Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Pravovedeniye, 1984, No. 4, pp. 51-57. 
17. Fargiyev I.A. Znacheniye priznakov sostava prestupleniya kharakterizuyushchikh poterpev-shego (The value of the elements of crime characterizing the victim). Zakonnost', 1998, No. 5, pp. 31-33. 
18. Fargiyev I.A. Ucheniye o poterpevshem v ugolovnom prave Rossii (The doctrine of the victim in criminal law of Russia), avtoref. dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. Moscow, Moskovskaya gos. yurid. akademiya, 2005.
Received: 19.05.2019
TACTICAL FEATURES OF THE INTERROGATION OF THE ACCUSED IN THE PRESENCE OF THE DEFENDER
GALIMKHANOV Azat Bulatovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Forensics of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir state University, Ufa, Russia. 
In accordance with the changes in the criminal procedure legislation of the Russian Federation aimed at expanding the accused’s right to protection, the defender is given the opportunity to actively participate in preliminary investigation, including during interrogation of the accused. In this regard, this paper discusses the possibility of using “classical” tactical methods of interrogation of the accused in the presence of a defense lawyer. When deciding on the possibility of using a particular tactic during the interrogation of the accused, the investigator must take into account that the accused’s interests are represented by a professional lawyer (advocate), who is well aware of forensic tactics, has legal experience and work experience in the profession. In this regard, the investigator must assess not only the effect that tactical techniques can have on the accused, but also to provide for what retaliatory tactics the defender can use in order to prevent the investigator's intentions to catch the accused in crime. The paper deals with tactical methods of interrogation of the accused and possible actions of the defender aimed at their neutralization.
Key words: interrogation tactics, accused, defender, defender’s counteraction to the investigator's tactics, preparation for the interrogation of the accused.
References
1. Osnovy zakonodatel'stva Soyuza SSR i soyuznykh respublik o sudoustroystve: prinyaty Verkhovnym Sovetom SSR 13 noyab.1989 g. (Fundamentals of the legislation of the USSR and the Union of republics on the judicial system: adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Socialist Republic on November 13, 1989). Ved. SND SSSR. 1989. № 23. st. 441. 
2. Po delu o proverke konstitutsionnosti polozheniy chasti pervoy stat'i 47 i chasti vtoroy stat'i 51 Ugolovno-protsessual'nogo kodeksa RSFSR v svyazi s zhaloboy grazhdanina V.I. Maslova: post. Konstitutsionnogo Suda Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 27 iyunya 2000 g. № 11–P (In the case of verification of the constitutionality of the provisions of the first part of Article 47 and the second part of Article 51 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the RSFSR in connection with the complaint of citizen V.I. Maslov: Resolution of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation dated June 27, 2000 No. 11 – P). Rossiyskaya gazeta. 2000. 4 iyulya. 
3. О vnesenii izmeneniy i dopolneniy v nekotoryye zakonodatel'nyye akty Rossiyskoy Federatsii v svyazi s ratifikatsiyey Konventsii o zashchite prav cheloveka i osnovnykh svobod: feder. zakon Ros. Federatsii ot 20 marta 2001 g. № 26-FZ (On amending and supplementing some legislative acts of the Russian Federation in connection with the ratification of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: Federal  Law of the Russian Federation of March 20, 2001 No. 26-ФЗ). Rossiyskaya gazeta. 2001. 23 marta.
Received: 03.06.2019
ON THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE VICTIM’S TRAITS WHILE CHARACTERIZING THE OBJECTIVE SIDE OF CRIME
ZHABIN Ilya Yuriyevich
Senior Instructor of the  Department of Transport Law of the Saint Petersburg State University of Civil Aviation, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
In the study of the objective side of crime, such essential elements that characterize the situation, modus operandi and consequences of committing a crime take on particular significance. These essential elements are required to be established, because their absence complicates the definition of components of crime. However, the victim’s characteristics have never been considered as an independent element of the objective side. At the same time, the analysis of criminal law shows that the victim’s characteristics (personality, behavior, condition, relationships with the guilty person, damages) often appear in connection with other essential elements of the objective side. With all this, the victim’s traits characterize such signs of the objective side as the situation (behavior, condition, mutual relations), modus operandi (use of the state and relationships) and consequences (essential elements of damages).
Key words: victim, objective side of crime, victim’s characteristics, guilty, relationships between the victim and the guilty person.
References
1. Anoshchenkova S.V. Ugolovno-pravovoye ucheniye o poterpevshem (Criminal law doctrine of the victim), monografiya, otv. red. N.A. Lopashenko. Moscow, Volters Kluver, 2006. 
2. Dagel' P.S. Poterpevshiy v sovetskom ugolovnom prave (The victim in the Soviet criminal law). Poterpevshiy ot prestupleniya, tematicheskiy sbornik. Vladivostok, Dal'nevostochnyy un-t., 1974, pp. 16-37. 
3. Dedyukhina I.F. Problemy ustanovleniya i realizatsii ugolovnoy otvetstvennosti s uchetom priznakov poterpevshego (Problems of establishing and implementing criminal responsibility with regard to the victim’s characteristics), dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, Rossiyskaya akademiya pravosudiya, 2008. 
4. Sirik M.S. Institut poterpevshego: ugolovno-pravovyye i kriminologicheskiye aspekty (Institute of the victim: criminal law and criminological aspects), avtoref. dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Rostov-na-Donu : Rostovskiy yuridicheskiy in-t MVD Rossii, 2006. 
5. Fargiyev I.A. Znacheniye priznakov sostava prestupleniya kharakterizuyushchikh poterpevshego (The value of essential elements of crime characterizing the victim). Zakonnost', 1998, No. 5, pp. 31-33. 
6. Fargiyev I.A. Ucheniye o poterpevshem v ugolovnom prave Rossii (The doctrine of the victim in criminal law of Russia), avtoref. dis. ... d-ra yurid. nauk. Moscow, Moskovskaya gos. yurid. akademiya, 2005.
Received: 11.04.2019
FORENSIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES IN THE SPHERE OF STATE PROCUREMENT
SOSHNIKOVA Irina Vladimirovna
Candidate of Sciences (Sociology), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Public Law of the Ural State Economic University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
SHERPAEV  Vladimir Ivanovich
Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
The relevance is due to the need to improve the anti-corruption sustainability of the system of state and municipal procurement, which requires the formation of effective mechanisms to manage the anti-corruption process. The topic of anti-corruption in our country attracts close attention. As a result of market transformations, new organizational and legal conditions for business were formed, imbalance in social and economic relations emerged, which resulted in the enrichment of officials and entrepreneurs. Corruption takes various forms and forms, but perhaps the most dangerous among them is the massive nature of crimes in the field of public procurement. The high danger of this phenomenon is due to a number of circumstances. Traditional ways to combat corruption in public procurement have shown their inadequacy; a comprehensive analysis of the negative impact of corruption in public procurement is needed.
Key words: corruption, embezzlement, budget resources, abuse of power, fraud, misappropriation, criminal activities.
References
1. Baranov V.M., Zhuravlev S.YU. Kontseptual'nyye osnovy formirovaniya sovremennykh antikorruptsionnykh tekhnologiy (Conceptual foundations of forming modern anti-corruption technologies). Sovremennyye standarty i tekhnologii protivodeystviya korruptsii, materialy Tret'yego Yevraziyskogo antikorruptsionnogo foruma, otv. red. T.Ya. Kharbiyeva. Moscow, Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedeniya pri Pravitel'stve RF, 2015, pp. 104-112. 
2. Geroy Rossii Kiriyenko zatevayet bol'shoy peredel v strane (Hero of Russia Kiriyenko starts a big repartition in the country). URL: http://www.topnews.ru/news_id=119197.html (accessed date: 10.07.2018). 
3. Gol'tsunov Ye.P. Obespecheniye ekonomicheskoy bezopasnosti v sfere gosudarstvennykh zakupok (Ensuring economic security in public procurement), dis. … kand. ekon. nauk. Moscow, 2009. 
4. Yegorov I. Budut uvol'nyat' i sazhat' (They will be dismissed and imprisoned). Rossiyskaya gazeta, 2018, 10 avg. 
5. Interv'yu s Obshchestvennym upolnomochennym pri Prezidente RF po zashchite malogo i srednego predprinimatel'stva, general'nym direktorom Rossiyskogo agentstva podderzhki malogo i srednego biznesa V.P. Yermakovym (Interviews with the Public Representative under the President of the Russian Federation for the Protection of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses, and General Director of the Russian Agency for Small and Medium Business Support V.P. Ermakov). Yurist, 2015, No. 21, pp. 4. 
6. Monitoring perspektivy deyatel'nosti nekotorykh rossiyskikh kompaniy № 165 (Monitoring the outlook for the activities of some Russian companies No. 165). Moscow, 2017. 
7. O sudebnoy praktike po delam o zloupotreblenii dolzhnostnymi polnomochiyami i o prevyshenii dolzhnostnykh polnomochiy: postanovleniye Plenuma Verkhovnogo Suda RF ot 16 oktyabrya 2009 g. № 19 (On judicial practice in cases of abuse of power and excess of power: Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of October 16, 2009 No. 19). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus». 
8. O zashchite konkurentsii: federal'nyy zakon ot 26 iyulya 2006 g. № 135-FZ (On the Protection of Competition: Federal Law of July 26, 2006 No. 135-ФЗ). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus». 
9. Polukarov A.V. Ugolovno-pravovyye i kriminologicheskiye mery protivodeystviya korruptsii v sfere zdravookhraneniya (Criminal law and forensic measures to combat corruption in the field of health), dis. … kand. yurid. nauk. Moscow, 2013. 
10. Rayanov F.M. Sushchnost' pravovogo gosudarstva: istoriko-tsivilizatsionnyy podkhod (The essence of the legal state: the historical-civilizational approach). Pravovoye gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2012, No. 4 (30), pp. 8-16.
11. Mirovoy opyt bor'by s korruptsiyey i rossiyskiye realii (World experience in the fight against corruption and Russian realities), Tsentr politicheskoy informatsii. Moscow, 2018. 
12. Chayka Yu.Ya. Skol'ko deneg Rossiya poteryala iz-za korruptsii (How much money Russia has lost due to corruption). URL: http://www.the-village.ru/village/city/news-city/294994-dengi (accessed date: 12.12.2017). 
13. Ugolovnyy kodeks RF: federal'nyy zakon RF ot 13 iyunya 1996 g. № 63-FZ (Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: Federal Law of the Russian Federation of June 13, 1996 No. 63-FZ). Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoy sistemy «Konsul'tantPlyus».
Received: 11.02.201
ILLEGAL MIGRATION AS A THREAT TO THE INTERESTS OF THE PEOPLES OF RUSSIA
NIGMATULLIN Rishat Vakhidovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia.
Illegal migration is a socially dangerous, dynamically developing phenomenon that threatens national security interests of both Russia and the international community as a whole. It is considered as a threat to stable development of national economies and a serious source of social tension. Often, illegal migrants become members of international terrorist and extremist organizations. The UN created a solid international legal framework to counter illegal migration. However, it has not produced the expected results. The Russian state pursues a comprehensive solution to the problem, including improving legislation in the field of migration, increasing the effectiveness of law enforcement agencies and training highly professional migration services employees, implementing a balanced migration policy. A necessary element of the work is international cooperation on migration issues with the participation of Russian universities.
Key words: illegal migration, migration policy, legislation in the field of migration, state, indigenous peoples.
References
1. V Moskovskoy oblasti politseyskiye proveli operativno-profilakticheskoye meropriyatiye «Nelegal» (In the Moscow region, the police has conducted an operational preventive action “Nelegal”). Ofitsial'nyy sayt MVD Rossii. URL: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/mvd/structure1/Glavnie_upravlenija/ guvm/news/item/16303797/ (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
2. Vystupleniye V. Kolokol'tseva o merakh po protivodeystviyu nelegal'noy migratsii (Speech by V. Kolokoltsev on measures to counter illegal migration). Setevoye soobshchestvo Livejournal. URL: https://nnils.livejournal.com/3354768.html (accessed date: 08.09.2018). 
3. Doklad Kolokol'tseva na kollegii MVD Rossii (The report by Kolokoltsev on the board of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia). Informatsionnyy sayt «Vol'skiye Novosti». URL: http://volsk-news.ru/index.php/oprosy/short/rech-putina-i-doklad-kolokoltseva-na-kollegii-mvd-rossii (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
4. Doklad o deyatel'nosti Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Rossiyskoy Federatsii za 2016 g. (Report on the activities of the Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation for 2016). Ofitsial'nyy sayt Upolnomochennogo po pravam cheloveka v Rossiyskoy Federatsii. URL: http://ombudsmanrf.org/www/upload/files/docs/appeals/doc_2016_ medium.pdf (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
5. Zhitel' Obninska Kaluzhskoy oblasti podozrevayetsya v fiktivnoy postanovke na uchet inostrannykh grazhdan (A resident of Obninsk in the Kaluga region is suspected of fictitious registration of foreign citizens). Ofitsial'nyy sayt MVD Rossii. URL: https://xn--b1aew.xn--p1ai/mvd/structure1/Glavnie_upravlenija/guvm/news/item/16289480/ (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
6. Kontseptsiya gosudarstvennoy migratsionnoy politiki do 2025 goda (The concept of state migration policy until 2025). Ofitsial'nyy sayt Prezidenta Rossii. URL: kremlin.ru/events/president/news/15635 (accessed date: 08.09.2018). 
7. Mezhdunarodnyye dni OON (UN International Days). Ofitsial'nyy sayt OON. URL: https://www.un.org/ru/sections/observances/international-days/index.html (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
8. Mezhdunarodnyy den' korennykh narodov mira (International Day of the Indigenous Peoples of the World). Ofitsial'nyy sayt OON. URL: https://www.un.org/ru/events/indigenousday/ (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
9. Migratsiya (Migration). Ofitsial'nyy sayt OON. URL: https://www.un.org/ru/sections/observances/ international-days/index.html (accessed date: 27.04.2019). 
10. Nigmatullin R.V. OON – koordinator v bor'be s transnatsional'noy organizovannoy prestupnost'yu (UN – coordinator in the fight against transnational organized crime). Organizatsiya Ob"yedinennykh Natsiy – universal'nyy tsentr podderzhaniya mira i obespecheniya bezopasnosti, materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Ufa, 13 noyabrya 2015 g.), otv. red. R.V. Nigmatullin. Ufa, RITS BashGU, 2015, pp. 46-54. 
11. Popov D.S. IGIL v Tsentral'noy Azii (ISIS in Central Asia). Rossiyskiy institut strategicheskikh issledovaniy. URL: https://riss.ru/analitycs/26820/ (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
12. Statistika i analitika (Statistics and analytics). Ofitsial'nyy sayt MVD Rossii. URL: https://mvd. rf/Deljatelnost/statistics/migracionnaya/item/16179446/ (accessed date: 24.04.2019). 
13. Suleymanova R.R. Rol' Bashkirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta v formirovanii mezhdunarodnogo imidzha Respubliki Bashkortostan (The role of the Bashkir State University in shaping the international image of the Republic of Bashkortostan). Organizatsiya Ob"yedinennykh Natsiy – universal'nyy tsentr podderzhaniya mira i obespecheniya bezopasnosti, materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii (g. Ufa, 13 noyabrya 2015 g.), otv. red. R.V. Nigmatullin. Ufa: RITS BashGU, 2015, p. 131.
Received: 11.05.2019
THE FUNDAMENTAL PHILOSOPHICAL BOOK ON LAW.
Review of the monograph by S.I. Zakhartsev, D.V. Maslennikov and V.P. Salnikov «Logos of law: Parmenides - Hegel - Dostoevsky. On the issue of the speculative logical foundations of metaphysics of law. Moscow: Yurlitinform, 2019. 376 p.»
RAYANOV Fanis Mansurovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
GALIEV Farit Khatipovich
 Doctor of Law, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia.
The monograph by S.I. Zakhartsev, D.V. Maslennikov and V.P. Sal’nikov “Logos of law: Parmenides - Hegel – Dostoevsky. On the issue of the speculative logical foundations of metaphysics of law” is reviewed. The book discusses the works of the first Greek philosopher Parmenides, Hegel’s and Dostoevsky’s, as well as other philosophers’ approaches to law. The reviewers conclude that the book is fundamental for philosophy and philosophy of law, and is at international academic level.
Key words: philosophy; being; philosophy of law; law.
References
1. Zhdanov P.S., Romanovskaya V.B., Sal'nikov V.P. Dobro kak dolzhnoye i zlo kak real'nost' (o kategorii «zla» v russkoy filosofii prava) (Good for granted and evil as reality (on the category of "evil" in Russian legal philosophy). Mir politiki i sotsiologii, 2013, No. 12, pp. 186-191. 
2. Zakhartsev S.I. Pravo i istina (Law and Truth). Mir politiki i sotsiologii. 2012. № 9. pp. 146-152. 
3. Zakhartsev S.I. Nekotoryye problemy teorii i filosofii prava (Some problems of theory and philosophy of law), monografiya, pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova. Moscow, Norma, 2014. 
4. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Filosofiya. Filosofiya prava. Yuridicheskaya nauka (Philosophy. Philosophy of law. Legal science). Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2015. 
5. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Chto takoye pravo? Voprosy ontologii i gnoseologii (What is law? The issue of ontology and epistemology). Pravovoye gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika, 2015, No. 2 (40), pp. 14-22. 
6. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Komprekhendnaya teoriya poznaniya prava (Comprehensive epistemology of law). Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2015, No. 8, pp. 11-26. 
7. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P. Filosofiya i yuridicheskaya nauka (Philosophy and legal science), monografiya. Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2019. 
8. Zakhartsev S.I., Maslennikov D.V., Sal'nikov V.P. Logos prava: Parmenid – Gegel' – Dostoyevskiy. K voprosu o spekulyativno-logicheskikh osnovaniyakh metafiziki prava (Logos of law: Parmenides - Hegel - Dostoevsky. On the issue of the speculative logical foundations of metaphysics of law), monografiya. Moscow, Yurlitinform, 2019. 
9. Zakhartsev S.I., Sal'nikov V.P., Khabibulin A.G., Mursalimov K.R. Filosofiya prava, dobra, zla i prestupnosti. Retsenziya na knigu A.I. Aleksandrova «Filosofiya zla i filosofiya prestupnosti (voprosy filosofii prava, ugolovnoy politiki i ugolovnogo protsessa)», Vstupitel'noye slovo Chlen-korrespondenta rossiyskoy akademii nauk, doktora yuridicheskikh nauk, professora D.A. Kerimova. – SPb.: SPbGU, 2013. – 598 s. (The philosophy of law, good, evil and crime. Review of the book by A.I. Alexandrov, “The Philosophy of Evil and Philosophy of Crime (issues of the philosophy of law, criminal policy and criminal procedure)”, Opening Remarks by Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Law, Professor D.A. Kerimov. - SPb .: SPSU, 2013. - 598 p.). Yuridicheskaya nauka: istoriya i sovremennost', 2016, No. 2, pp. 185-196. 
10. Ideya spravedlivosti v traditsiyakh postklassicheskoy filosofii prava (The idea of justice in the traditions of postclassical philosophy of law), nauchnoye izdaniye, R.F. Ismagilov i dr.; pod obshch. red. V.P. Sal'nikova. St. Petersburg, Fond «Universitet», 2012. 
11. Lin'kov Ye.S. Stanovleniye logicheskoy filosofii (The formation of logical philosophy). Gegel' G.V.F. Nauka logiki. Ch. 1. Ob"yektivnaya logika. Ch. 2. Sub"yektivnaya logika. St. Petersburg, Nauka, 1997. 
12. Sal'nikov V.P., Maslennikov D.V., Sal'nikov M.V. Instituty prava v ideye absolyutnogo Dobra (Law Institutions in the Idea of Absolute Goodness). Gosudarstvenno-pravovyye instituty sovremennogo obshchestva, sb. st. k Vse-rossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 100-letiyu Respubliki Bashkortostan (g. Ufa, 14 dekabrya 2018 g.), otv. red. F.M. Rayanov. Ufa, BashGU, 2018, pp. 32-40. 
13. Fragmenty rannikh grecheskikh filosofov (Fragments of the early Greek philosophers). Ch. 1. Ot epicheskikh teokosmogoniy do vozniknoveniya atomistiki, sost. i per. A.V. Lebedev. Seriya "Pamyatniki filosofskoy mysli". Moscow, Nauka, 1989.
 
 
BAKULINA Liliya Talgatovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Law of the Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia. 
BRYLEVA Elena Alexandrovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Professional Disciplines of the Perm Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Assistant Professor of the Department of State Law Disciplines of the Perm Branch of RANEPA, Perm, Russia. 
DUBROVSKAYA Tatyana Valerievna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Law, International Private law and Civil Procedure of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow, Russia.
CHEPUNOV Oleg Ivanovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Constitutional Law of the Faculty of Law named after M.M. Speransky of the Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia. 
FEDOTOVA Diana Sergeevna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Faculty of Law of the Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russia. 
GALEEVA Galina Evgenievna
Senior Instructor of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia.
GALIEV Farit Khatipovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia
GALIKEEVA Irina Gayazovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Institute of Law of the Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
GRISHIN Dmitry Aleksandrovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Law Faculty of the Academy of Law Management of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Ryazan, Russia. 
GRISHINA Evgenia Vladislavovna
Instructor of the Department of Social and Humanitarian Disciplines of the Ryazan Branch of the Moscow University of the MIA of Russia named after V.Ya. Kikot, Ryazan, Russia. 
HRISTOFOROVA Elena Igorevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law of the Ryazan State University named for S.A. Yesenin, Ryazan, Russia.
KULESHOVA Natalya Nikolaevna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of  Theory of Law, History of Law and International Law of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow, Russia.
LARIN Victor Yurevich
Instructor of the Department of Administrative Law and Administrative Activities of the Ryazan Branch of the Moscow University of the MIA of Russia named after V.Ya. Kikot, Ryazan, Russia. 
MASLENIKOV Dmitry Vladimirovich
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Professor of the Department of Humanitarian Disciplines of the Law Institute (St. Petersburg), St. Petersburg, Russia. 
MAZURIN Stanislav Fedorovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of the Department of Legal Regulation of Town-Planning Activities of the Saint Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
MURZABULATOV Ural Mullakhmetovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia. 
NIGMATULLIN Rishat Vakhidovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Chair of International Law and International Relations of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia.
NIKITYUK Sergey Mikhailovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Head of the Perm Institute of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Perm, Russia
NOVIKOVA Yuliya Gennadievna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Instructor of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Ryazan State University named for S.A. Yesenin, Ryazan, Russia.
PUCHKOV Oleg Aleksandrovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of Theory of State and Law, Director of the Institute of  Prosecution Service of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
RAYANOV Fanis Mansurovich
Doctor of Sciences (Law), Professor, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Institute of Law of the FBSEI HE “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russia.
REMIZOVA Leila Sarvarovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Senior Instructor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure of the Academy of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Ryazan, Россия.
ROMANOVA Irina Nikolaevna 
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Associate Professor, Moscow University named after S.Yu. Witte, Branch in Ryazan, Head of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Ryazan
SKYLOVA Irina Alexandrovna
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Civil Law, International Private Law and Civil Procedure of the Law Institute of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow
SAKHAUTDINOV Dinar Fanilevich
Postgraduate Student of the Department of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
SALNIKOV Viktor Petrovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal “Legal Science: Past and Present”, St. Petersburg, Russia.
SALNIKOV Mikhail Viktorovich
Doctor of Law, Professor, President of the Foundation for Supporting Science and Education in the Field of Law Enforcement Activities “University”, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
SERDYUKOV Artem Arturovich 
Postgraduate Student of the Institute of Law of the FSAEI HE “North-Caucasus Federal University”, Stavropol, Russia. Instructor of the Department of Organization of Regime and Operational Search Activities in the Penitentiary System. Academy of Law Management of the Federal Penal Service of Russia, Ryazan, Russia. 
SLEPNYEV Evgeny Leonidovich
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Professor of the Chair of Civil Procedure of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Ufa, Russia
SHERPAEV  Vladimir Ivanovich
Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor of the Chair of Theory of State and Law of the Ural State Law University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
SOSHNIKOVA Irina Vladimirovna
Candidate of Sciences (Sociology), Assistant Professor of the Chair of Public Law of the Ural State Economic University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. 
TIMONINA Irina Vladimirovna
Candidate of Sciences (Law), Assistant Professor of the Department of Theory of Law, History of Law and International Law of the Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow,Russia.
TRETYAKOV Ivan Lvovich
Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology of the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia. 
ZHABIN Iliya Yuriyevich
Senior Instructor of the Department of Transport Law of the St. Petersburg University of Civil Aviation, St. Petersburg, Russia
ZAKHARTSEV Sergey Ivanovich
Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of Bar and Organization of Law Enforcement Activities of the Russian State Social University, Moscow, Russia. 
 
 

ISSN 2500-0217 / Включен в Перечень ВАК